Word Origin & History
c.1300, from O.Fr. galie, from M.L. galea, from Late Gk. galea, of unknown origin. The word has made its way into most Western European languages. Originally "low flat-built seagoing vessel of one deck," once common in the Mediterranean; meaning "cooking range on a ship" dates from 1750. The printing
sense is from 1652, from Fr. galée in the same sense, in reference to the shape of the oblong tray that holds the type. As a short form of galley-proof it is attested from 1890. To knock something or someone galleywest is Amer.Eng. slang (1875, originally in Mark Twain), a corruption of western England dialectal collyweston, name of a village in Northamptonshire that somehow came to signify "askew, not right."