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mid-14c., kind of footwear consisting of a wooden sole fastened onto the foot with leather thongs, perhaps from Old French galoche (singular), from Late Latin gallicula, diminutive of gallica (solea) "a Gallic (sandal)" [Klein]. Alternative etymology [Barnhart, Hatz.-Darm.] is from Vulgar Latin *galopia, from Greek kalopodion, diminutive of kalopous "shoemaker's last," from kalon "wood" + pous "foot" (see foot (n.)). The surname Galocher is attested from c.1300. Modern meaning "rubber covering of a boot or shoe" is from 1853.