galvanization

galvanize

[gal-vuh-nahyz]
verb (used with object), galvanized, galvanizing.
1.
to stimulate by or as if by a galvanic current.
2.
Medicine/Medical. to stimulate or treat (muscles or nerves) with induced direct current (distinguished from faradize ).
3.
to startle into sudden activity; stimulate.
4.
to coat (metal, especially iron or steel) with zinc.
Also, especially British, galvanise.


Origin:
1795–1805; < French galvaniser, named after Luigi Galvani; see -ize

galvanization, noun
galvanizer, noun
nongalvanized, adjective
pregalvanize, verb (used with object), pregalvanized, pregalvanizing.
regalvanization, noun
regalvanize, verb (used with object), regalvanized, regalvanizing.
ungalvanized, adjective


3. rouse, stir, electrify, fire, spur, animate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
galvanize or galvanise (ˈɡælvəˌnaɪz)
 
vb
1.  to stimulate to action; excite; startle
2.  to cover (iron, steel, etc) with a protective zinc coating by dipping into molten zinc or by electrodeposition
3.  to stimulate by application of an electric current
 
n
4.  (Caribbean) galvanized iron, usually in the form of corrugated sheets as used in roofing
 
galvanise or galvanise
 
vb
 
n
 
galvani'zation or galvanise
 
n
 
galvani'sation or galvanise
 
n
 
'galvanizer or galvanise
 
n
 
'galvaniser or galvanise
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

galvanize
1802, from Fr. galvaniser, from galvanisme (see galvanism). Figurative sense of "excite, stimulate (as if by electricity)" first recorded 1853. Meaning "to coat with metal by means of galvanic electricity" (especially to plate iron with tin, but now typically to plate it with zinc) is from 1839.
"He'll swear that in her dancing she cuts all others out,
Though like a Gal that's galvanized, she throws her legs about."
[Thomas Hood, "Love has not Eyes," 1845]
Related: Galvanized; galvanizing.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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