|gamboge (ɡæmˈbəʊdʒ, -ˈbuːʒ)|
|1.||a. a gum resin used as the source of a yellow pigment and as a purgative|
|b. the pigment made from this resin|
|2.||gamboge tree any of several tropical Asian trees of the genus Garcinia, esp G. hanburyi, that yield this resin: family Clusiaceae|
|3.||a strong yellow colour|
|[C18: from New Latin gambaugium, from |
hard, brittle gum resin that is obtained from various Southeast Asian trees of the genus Garcinia and is used as a colour vehicle and in medicine. Gamboge is orange to brown in colour and when powdered turns bright yellow. Artists use it as a pigment and as a colouring matter for varnishes. In medicine and veterinary medicine it is a drastic cathartic. On the skin it has a severe irritant effect. Gamboge was probably brought into Europe from the East at the close of the 16th century.
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