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7 Essential Words of Fall

gan

[gan] /gæn/
verb
1.
simple past tense of gin3 .

gin2

[jin] /dʒɪn/
noun
2.
a trap or snare for game.
3.
any of various machines employing simple tackle or windlass mechanisms for hoisting.
4.
a stationary prime mover having a drive shaft rotated by horizontal beams pulled by horses walking in a circle.
verb (used with object), ginned, ginning.
5.
to clear (cotton) of seeds with a gin.
6.
to snare (game).
Origin
1150-1200
1150-1200; Middle English gyn, aphetic variant of Old French engin engine
Related forms
ginner, noun

gin3

[gin] /gɪn/
verb (used without object), verb (used with object), gan, gun, ginning. Archaic.
1.
to begin.
Origin
1150-1200; Middle English ginnen, Old English ginnan, aphetic variant of onginnan, beginnen to begin

gin4

[jin] /dʒɪn/
noun
1.
Also called gin rummy. a variety of rummy for two players, in which a player with 10 or fewer points in unmatched cards can end the game by laying down the hand.
2.
the winning of such a game by laying down a full set of matched cards, earning the winner a bonus of 20 or 25 points.
verb (used without object), ginned, ginning.
3.
to win a game in gin by laying down a hand in which all 10 cards are included in sets.
Origin
1955-60; perhaps special use of gin1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for gan

gan1

/ɡæn/
verb
1.
(archaic or poetic) the past tense of gin3

gan2

/ɡæn/
verb gans, ganning, ganned
1.
(intransitive) (Northeast English, dialect) to go
Word Origin
from Old English gangan; related to Old Norse ganga. See gang1

gin1

/dʒɪn/
noun
1.
an alcoholic drink obtained by distillation and rectification of the grain of malted barley, rye, or maize, flavoured with juniper berries
2.
any of various grain spirits flavoured with other fruit or aromatic essences: sloe gin
3.
an alcoholic drink made from any rectified spirit
Word Origin
C18: shortened from Dutch genever juniper, via Old French from Latin jūniperusjuniper

gin2

/dʒɪn/
noun
1.
a primitive engine in which a vertical shaft is turned by horses driving a horizontal beam or yoke in a circle
2.
Also called cotton gin. a machine of this type used for separating seeds from raw cotton
3.
a trap for catching small mammals, consisting of a noose of thin strong wire
4.
a hand-operated hoist that consists of a drum winder turned by a crank
verb (transitive) gins, ginning, ginned
5.
to free (cotton) of seeds with a gin
6.
to trap or snare (game) with a gin
Derived Forms
ginner, noun
Word Origin
C13 gyn, shortened from engine

gin3

/ɡɪn/
verb gins, ginning, gan, gun
1.
an archaic word for begin

gin4

/ɡɪn/
conjunction
1.
(Scot) if
Word Origin
perhaps related to gif, an earlier form of if

gin5

/dʒɪn/
noun
1.
(Austral, offensive, slang) an Aboriginal woman
Word Origin
C19: from a native Australian language
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gan

gin

n.

"type of distilled drinking alcohol," 1714, shortening of geneva, altered (by influence of the similarity of the name of the Swiss city, with which it has no other connection) from Dutch genever "juniper" (because the alcohol was flavored with its berries), from Old French genevre, from Vulgar Latin *jeniperus, from Latin juniperus "juniper" (see juniper). Gin and tonic attested by 1873; gin-sling by 1790. Card game gin rummy first attested 1941 (described in "Life" that year as the latest Hollywood fad).

"machine for separating cotton from seeds," 1796, American English, used earlier of various other machineries, from Middle English gin "ingenious device, contrivance" (c.1200), from Old French gin "machine, device, scheme," shortened form of engin, from Latin ingenium (see engine). The verb in this sense is recorded from 1789.

v.

in slang phrase gin up "enliven, make more exciting," 1887, probably from earlier ginger up in same sense (1849), from ginger in sense of "spice, pizzazz;" specifically in reference to the treatment described in the 1811 slang dictionary under the entry for feague:

... to put ginger up a horse's fundament, and formerly, as it is said, a live eel, to make him lively and carry his tail well; it is said, a forfeit is incurred by any horse-dealer's servant, who shall shew a horse without first feaguing him. Feague is used, figuratively, for encouraging or spiriting one up.

"to begin," c.1200, ginnen, shortened form of beginnen (see begin).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for gan

gin

noun

A street fight; rumble

verb

To fight; scuffle

Related Terms

bathtub gin

[1950s+ Black & street gang; origin unknown]


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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gan in Technology


Generating and Analyzing Networks. "GAN - A System for Generating and Analyzing Activity Networks", A. Schurmann, CACM 11(10) (Oct 1968).

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Related Abbreviations for gan

GIN

Greenland-Iceland-Norway
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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gan in the Bible

a trap. (1.) Ps. 140:5, 141:9, Amos 3:5, the Hebrew word used, _mokesh_, means a noose or "snare," as it is elsewhere rendered (Ps. 18:5; Prov. 13:14, etc.). (2.) Job 18:9, Isa. 8:14, Heb. pah, a plate or thin layer; and hence a net, a snare, trap, especially of a fowler (Ps. 69: 22, "Let their table before them become a net;" Amos 3:5, "Doth a bird fall into a net [pah] upon the ground where there is no trap-stick [mokesh] for her? doth the net [pah] spring up from the ground and take nothing at all?", Gesenius.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Article for gan

Gan

people of the southeast coast of Ghana, speaking a dialect of the Kwa branch of Niger-Congo languages. The Ga are descended from immigrants who came down the Niger River and across the Volta during the 17th century. The Ga-speaking peoples were organized into six independent towns (Accra, Osu, Labadi, Teshi, Nungua, and Tema). Each town had a stool, which served as the central object of Ga ritual and war magic. Accra became the most prominent Ga town and is now the capital of Ghana

Learn more about Gan with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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