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gather

[gath -er] /ˈgæð ər/
verb (used with object)
1.
to bring together into one group, collection, or place:
to gather firewood; to gather the troops.
2.
to bring together or assemble from various places, sources, or people; collect gradually:
The college is gathering a faculty from all over the country.
3.
to serve as a center of attention for; attract:
A good football game always gathers a crowd.
4.
to pick or harvest (any crop or natural yield) from its place of growth or formation:
to gather fruit; to gather flowers.
5.
to pick up piece by piece:
Gather your toys from the floor.
6.
to pick or scoop up:
She gathered the crying child in her arms.
7.
to collect (as taxes, dues, money owed, etc.).
8.
to accumulate; increase:
The storm gathers force. The car gathered speed.
9.
to take by selection from among other things; sort out; cull.
10.
to assemble or collect (one's energies or oneself) as for an effort (often followed by up):
He gathered up his strength for the hard job.
11.
to learn or conclude from observation; infer; deduce:
I gather that he is the real leader.
12.
to wrap or draw around or close:
He gathered his scarf around his neck.
13.
to contract (the brow) into wrinkles.
14.
to draw (cloth) up on a thread in fine folds or puckers by means of even stitches.
15.
Bookbinding. to assemble (the printed sections of a book) in proper sequence for binding.
16.
Nautical. to gain (way) from a dead stop or extremely slow speed.
17.
Metalworking. to increase the sectional area of (stock) by any of various operations.
18.
Glassmaking. to accumulate or collect (molten glass) at the end of a tube for blowing, shaping, etc.
verb (used without object)
19.
to come together around a central point; assemble:
Let's gather round the fire and sing.
20.
to collect or accumulate:
Clouds were gathering in the northeast.
21.
to grow, as by accretion; increase.
22.
to become contracted into wrinkles, folds, creases, etc., as the brow or as cloth.
23.
to come to a head, as a sore in suppurating.
noun
24.
a drawing together; contraction.
25.
Often, gathers. a fold or pucker, as in gathered cloth.
26.
an act or instance of gathering.
27.
an amount or number gathered, as during a harvest.
28.
Glassmaking. a mass of molten glass attached to the end of a punty.
Idioms
29.
be gathered to one's fathers, to die.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English gaderen, Old English gaderian, derivative of geador together, akin to gæd fellowship; cf. together, good
Related forms
gatherable, adjective
gatherer, noun
pregather, verb (used without object)
regather, verb
ungathered, adjective
well-gathered, adjective
Synonyms
1, 2. accumulate, amass, garner, hoard. Gather, assemble, collect, muster, marshal imply bringing or drawing together. Gather expresses the general idea usually with no implication of arrangement: to gather seashells. Assemble is used of objects or facts brought together preparatory to arranging them: to assemble data for a report. Collect implies purposeful accumulation to form an ordered whole: to collect evidence. Muster, primarily a military term, suggests thoroughness in the process of collection: to muster all one's resources. Marshal, another term primarily military, suggests rigorously ordered, purposeful arrangement: to marshal facts for effective presentation. 4. pluck, crop, reap, glean, garner. 11. assume, understand. 20. accrete.
Antonyms
1, 19. separate, disperse.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for gathered
  • And the array of condiments gathered on a tray are party decorations in themselves.
  • These he now published, after waiting some years to see if there were more to be gathered in.
  • As water spilt on the ground, which cannot be gathered up again.
  • Next morning she went out and gathered starwort and began to sew.
  • Solar ovens retain heat from the sun and focus it in a container that holds the food and traps the gathered heat.
  • Then she gathered together the money into this, and was rich all the days of her life.
  • Even gathered together, though, they would be smaller than our moon.
  • If all the asteroids were gathered together, though, they would form an object less than the size of our moon.
  • But the next day the storm gathered steam and drew a bead on the city.
  • He joins a group of volunteers-fishermen, shopkeepers, and taxi drivers-gathered around tables under the restaurant awning.
British Dictionary definitions for gathered

gather

/ˈɡæðə/
verb
1.
to assemble or cause to assemble
2.
to collect or be collected gradually; muster
3.
(transitive) to learn from information given; conclude or assume
4.
(transitive) to pick or harvest (flowers, fruit, etc)
5.
(transitive; foll by to or into) to clasp or embrace: the mother gathered the child into her arms
6.
(transitive) to bring close (to) or wrap (around): she gathered her shawl about her shoulders
7.
to increase or cause to increase gradually, as in force, speed, intensity, etc
8.
to contract (the brow) or (of the brow) to become contracted into wrinkles; knit
9.
(transitive) to assemble (sections of a book) in the correct sequence for binding
10.
(transitive) to collect by making a selection
11.
(transitive) to prepare or make ready: to gather one's wits
12.
to draw (material) into a series of small tucks or folds by passing a thread through it and then pulling it tight
13.
(intransitive) (of a boil or other sore) to come to a head; form pus
noun
14.
  1. the act of gathering
  2. the amount gathered
15.
a small fold in material, as made by a tightly pulled stitch; tuck
16.
(printing) an informal name for section (sense 17)
Derived Forms
gatherable, adjective
gatherer, noun
Word Origin
Old English gadrian; related to Old Frisian gaderia, Middle Low German gaderen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gathered

gather

v.

Old English gadrian, gædrian "unite, agree, assemble; gather, collect, store up," used of flowers, thoughts, persons; from Proto-Germanic *gadurojan "bring together, unite" (cf. Old English gæd "fellowship, companionship," gædeling "companion;" Middle Low German gadderen; Old Frisian gaderia; Dutch gaderen "to gather," gade "spouse;" German Gatte "husband;" Gothic gadiliggs), from PIE *ghedh- "to unite, join" (see good (adj.). Change of spelling from -d- to -th- is 1500s, reflecting earlier change in pronunciation. Related: Gathered; gathering.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with gathered
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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