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gauss

[gous] /gaʊs/
noun, Electricity
1.
the centimeter-gram-second unit of magnetic induction, equal to the magnetic induction of a magnetic field in which one abcoulomb of charge, moving with a component of velocity perpendicular to the field and equal to one centimeter per second, is acted on by a force of one dyne; 1 maxwell per square centimeter or 10− 4 weber per square meter. Symbol: G.
2.
(formerly) oersted (def 1).
Origin
1880-1885
1880-85; named after K. F. Gauss

Gauss

[gous] /gaʊs/
noun
1.
Karl Friedrich
[kahrl free-drikh] /kɑrl ˈfri drɪx/ (Show IPA),
1777–1855, German mathematician and astronomer.
Related forms
Gaussian, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for gauss
  • The first to apply the absolute methods of measurement introduced by gauss and weber.
  • gauss plunged into a depression from which he never fully recovered.
  • gauss eventually had conflicts with his sons, two of whom migrated to the united states.
  • gauss wanted eugene to become a lawyer, but eugene wanted to study languages.
  • They had an argument over a party eugene held, which gauss refused to pay for.
  • Though he did take in a few students, gauss was known to dislike teaching.
  • gauss supported monarchy and opposed napoleon, whom he saw as an outgrowth of revolution.
  • The ship gauss, used in the gauss expedition to the antarctic.
British Dictionary definitions for gauss

gauss

/ɡaʊs/
noun (pl) gauss
1.
the cgs unit of magnetic flux density; the flux density that will induce an emf of 1 abvolt (10–8 volt) per centimetre in a wire moving across the field at a velocity of 1 centimetre per second. 1 gauss is equivalent to 10–4 tesla
Word Origin
after Karl Gauss

Gauss

/German ɡaus/
noun
1.
Karl Friedrich (karl ˈfriːdrɪç). 1777–1855, German mathematician: developed the theory of numbers and applied mathematics to astronomy, electricity and magnetism, and geodesy
Derived Forms
Gaussian (ˈɡaʊsɪən) adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gauss

C.G.S. unit of intensity of a magnetic field, 1882, named for German mathematician Karl Friedrich Gauss (1777-1855). Related: Gaussage.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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gauss in Medicine

gauss (gous)
n. pl. gauss or gauss·es
The centimeter-gram-second unit of magnetic induction.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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gauss in Science
gauss
  (gous)   
The unit of magnetic flux density in the centimeter-gram-second system, equal to one maxwell per square centimeter, or 10-4 tesla.
Gauss, Carl Friedrich 1777-1855.  
German mathematician, astronomer and physicist who introduced significant and rapid advances to mathematics with his contributions to algebra, geometry, statistics and theoretical mathematics. He also correctly calculated the orbit of the asteroid Ceres in 1801 and studied electricity and magnetism, developing the magnetometer in 1832. The gauss unit of magnetic flux density is named for him.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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gauss in Technology

1. Carl Friedrich Gauss.
2. Gaussian distribution.
See normal distribution.
3. The unit of magnetic field strength. 1 gauss = 1 Maxwell / cm^2.
A good loudspeaker coil magnet flux density is of the order of 10000 gauss.
4. A powerful matrix programming language by Aptech Systems. Gauss is very popular with econometricians.
(http://rhkoning.xs4all.nl/gauss/index.htm).
(2003-10-25)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Encyclopedia Article for gauss

unit of magnetic induction in the centimetre-gram-second system of physical units. One gauss corresponds to the magnetic flux density that will induce an electromotive force of one abvolt (10-8 volt) in each linear centimetre of a wire moving laterally at one centimetre per second at right angles to a magnetic flux. One gauss corresponds to 10-4 tesla (T), the International System Unit. The gauss is equal to 1 maxwell per square centimetre, or 104 weber per square metre. Magnets are rated in gauss. The gauss was named for the German scientist Carl Friedrich Gauss.

Learn more about gauss with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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