any thin and often transparent fabric made from any fiber in a plain or leno weave.
a surgical dressing of loosely woven cotton.
any material made of an open, meshlike weave, as of wire.
a thin haze.

1555–65; < French gaze < ?

gauzelike, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
gauze (ɡɔːz)
1.  a.  a transparent cloth of loose plain or leno weave
 b.  (as modifier): a gauze veil
2.  a surgical dressing of muslin or similar material
3.  any thin openwork material, such as wire
4.  a fine mist or haze
[C16: from French gaze, perhaps from Gaza, where it was believed to originate]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1560s, from Fr. gaze, apparently from Arabic gazz "raw silk," or from Gaza, Palestinian city associated with production of this fabric.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

gauze (gôz)
A bleached, woven cotton cloth, used for dressings, bandages, and absorbent sponges.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica


light, open-weave fabric made of cotton when used for surgical dressings and of silk and other fibres when used for dress trimming. The name is derived from that of the Palestinian city of Gaza, where the fabric is thought to have originated. It is made either by a plain weave or by a leno weave.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
And he went to the emergency room and thought it was nothing, put a little
  antibiotic gauze on it and said come to the clinic.
Volunteers swab turtle mouths with gauze pads and also employ a secret
Above a cold, swollen sea, a sunny day gives way as clouds wrap the sky in
  silver gauze.
In this dark and surrealistic landscape a drizzle of soot and oil flashes in
  our headlights and stains our protective gauze masks.
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