gender

1 [jen-der]
noun
1.
Grammar.
a.
(in many languages) a set of classes that together include all nouns, membership in a particular class being shown by the form of the noun itself or by the form or choice of words that modify, replace, or otherwise refer to the noun, as, in English, the choice of he to replace the man, of she to replace the woman, of it to replace the table, of it or she to replace the ship. The number of genders in different languages varies from 2 to more than 20; often the classification correlates in part with sex or animateness. The most familiar sets of genders are of three classes (as masculine, feminine, and neuter in Latin and German) or of two (as common and neuter in Dutch, or masculine and feminine in French and Spanish).
b.
one class of such a set.
c.
such classes or sets collectively or in general.
d.
membership of a word or grammatical form, or an inflectional form showing membership, in such a class.
2.
sex: the feminine gender.
3.
Archaic. kind, sort, or class.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English < Middle French gendre, genre < Latin gener- (stem of genus) kind, sort

genderless, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged

gender

2 [jen-der]
verb (used with object), verb (used without object)
1.
Archaic. to engender.
2.
Obsolete. to breed.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English gendren, genderen < Middle French gendrer < Latin generāre to beget, derivative of genus gender1, genus

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To gender
Collins
World English Dictionary
gender (ˈdʒɛndə)
 
n
1.  See also natural gender a set of two or more grammatical categories into which the nouns of certain languages are divided, sometimes but not necessarily corresponding to the sex of the referent when animate
2.  any of the categories, such as masculine, feminine, neuter, or common, within such a set
3.  informal the state of being male, female, or neuter
4.  informal all the members of one sex: the female gender
 
[C14: from Old French gendre, from Latin genus kind]
 
'genderless
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

gender
c.1300, from O.Fr. gendre, from stem of L. genus (gen. generis) "kind, sort, gender," also "sex" (see genus); used to translate from Gk. Aristotle's grammatical term genos. As sex took on erotic qualities in 20c., gender came to be used for "sex of a human being," often in
feminist writing with reference to social attributes as much as biological qualities; this sense first attested 1963. Gender-bender is first attested 1980, with reference to pop star David Bowie.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

gender gen·der (jěn'dər)
n.

  1. The sex of an individual, male or female, based on reproductive anatomy.

  2. Sexual identity, especially in relation to society or culture.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

gender definition


A grammatical category indicating the sex, or lack of sex, of nouns and pronouns. The three genders are masculine, feminine, and neuter. He is a masculine pronoun; she is a feminine pronoun; it is a neuter pronoun. Nouns are classified by gender according to the gender of the pronoun that can substitute for them. In English, gender is directly indicated only by pronouns.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
Example sentences
The apparent link between gender and diet generated buzz.
Fisher dismisses talk about her gender and her age.
When it comes to gender, women do seem to read more omnivorously than men.
Sometimes, I find the courage to pipe up when a bunch of us are assembled and
  are called ''guys'' by someone of either gender.
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature