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genera

[jen-er-uh] /ˈdʒɛn ər ə/
noun
1.
a plural of genus.

genus

[jee-nuh s] /ˈdʒi nəs/
noun, plural genera
[jen-er-uh] /ˈdʒɛn ər ə/ (Show IPA),
genuses.
1.
Biology. the usual major subdivision of a family or subfamily in the classification of organisms, usually consisting of more than one species.
2.
Logic. a class or group of individuals, or of species of individuals.
3.
a kind; sort; class.
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; < Latin: race, stock, kind, gender; cognate with Greek génos. See gens, gender1, kin
Related forms
pseudogenus, noun, plural pseudogenera, pseudogenuses.
Can be confused
genius, genus.
genus, species.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for genera
  • It may reach a point where our descendants will branch off into other species, and even genera.
  • The hippos are so distinct that the species are two different genera.
  • They would have disappeared long ago, ultimately replaced by different genera and species.
  • Members of these and other genera only swim during the mating period.
  • Listed are the families and genera of apes also listed are the extant species.
  • Cuckoo genera differ in the number of primary wing feathers as below.
British Dictionary definitions for genera

genera

/ˈdʒɛnərə/
noun
1.
a plural of genus

genus

/ˈdʒiːnəs/
noun (pl) genera (ˈdʒɛnərə), genuses
1.
(biology) any of the taxonomic groups into which a family is divided and which contains one or more species. For example, Vulpes (foxes) is a genus of the dog family (Canidae)
2.
(logic) a class of objects or individuals that can be divided into two or more groups or species
3.
a class, group, etc, with common characteristics
4.
(maths) a number characterizing a closed surface in topology equal to the number of handles added to a sphere to form the surface. A sphere has genus 0, a torus, genus 1, etc
Word Origin
C16: from Latin: race
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for genera
n.

plural of genus.

genus

n.

(plural genera), 1550s as a term of logic, "kind or class of things" (biological sense dates from c.1600), from Latin genus (genitive generis) "race, stock, kind; family, birth, descent, origin," cognate with Greek genos "race, kind," and gonos "birth, offspring, stock," from PIE root *gen(e)- "produce, beget, be born" (cf. Sanskrit janati "begets, bears," janah "race," janman- "birth, origin," jatah "born;" Avestan zizanenti "they bear;" Greek gignesthai "to become, happen;" Latin gignere "to beget," gnasci "to be born," genius "procreative divinity, inborn tutelary spirit, innate quality," ingenium "inborn character," germen "shoot, bud, embryo, germ;" Lithuanian gentis "kinsmen;" Gothic kuni "race;" Old English cennan "beget, create;" Old High German kind "child;" Old Irish ro-genar "I was born;" Welsh geni "to be born;" Armenian chanim "I bear, I am born").

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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genera in Medicine

genus ge·nus (jē'nəs)
n. pl. gen·er·a (jěn'ər-ə)
A taxonomic category ranking below a family and above a species and generally consisting of a group of species exhibiting similar characteristics.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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genera in Science
genus
  (jē'nəs)   
Plural genera (jěn'ər-ə)
A group of organisms ranking above a species and below a family. The names of genera, like those of species, are written in italics. For example, Periplaneta is the genus of the American cockroach, and comes from the Greek for "wandering about." See Table at taxonomy.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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genera in Culture
genus [(jee-nuhs)]

In biology, the classification lower than a family and higher than a species. Wolves belong to the same genus as dogs. Foxes belong to a different genus from that of dogs and wolves, but to the same family. (See Linnean classification.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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