genitive

[jen-i-tiv] Grammar.
adjective
1.
(in certain inflected languages) noting a case of nouns, pronouns, or adjectives, used primarily to express possession, measure, or origin: as John's hat, week's vacation, duty's call.
2.
noting an affix or other element characteristic of this case, or a word containing such an element.
3.
similar to such a case form in function or meaning.
noun
4.
the genitive case.
5.
a word in the genitive case.
6.
a construction noting this case or the relationship usually expressed by it.
Compare possessive.


Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin genitīvus, equivalent to genit(us) (past participle of gignere to beget) + -īvus -ive

genitival [jen-i-tahy-vuhl] , adjective
genitivally, adverb
ungenitive, adjective
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World English Dictionary
genitive (ˈdʒɛnɪtɪv)
 
adj
1.  denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives in inflected languages used to indicate a relation of ownership or association, usually translated by English of
 
n
2.  a.  the genitive case
 b.  a word or speech element in this case
 
[C14: from Latin genetīvus relating to birth, from gignere to produce]
 
genitival
 
adj
 
geni'tivally
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

genitive
late 14c., from L. casus genitivus "case expressing origin," from *geneta "birth," misused by L. grammarians to render Gk. genike (ptosis) "generic (case)," expressing race or kind (see genus).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
We could go on and explain the nominative and genitive cases but that's not necessary.
In the genitive case morphological redetermination becomes elaborate.
The genitive case expresses possession, measurement, or source.
Like nouns, a genitive is given for the purpose of inflection.
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