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genitive

[jen-i-tiv] /ˈdʒɛn ɪ tɪv/
adjective
1.
(in certain inflected languages) noting a case of nouns, pronouns, or adjectives, used primarily to express possession, measure, or origin: as John's hat, week's vacation, duty's call.
2.
noting an affix or other element characteristic of this case, or a word containing such an element.
3.
similar to such a case form in function or meaning.
noun
4.
the genitive case.
5.
a word in the genitive case.
6.
a construction noting this case or the relationship usually expressed by it.
Compare possessive.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin genitīvus, equivalent to genit(us) (past participle of gignere to beget) + -īvus -ive
Related forms
genitival
[jen-i-tahy-vuh l] /ˌdʒɛn ɪˈtaɪ vəl/ (Show IPA),
adjective
genitivally, adverb
ungenitive, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for genitive
  • We could go on and explain the nominative and genitive cases but that's not necessary.
  • In the genitive case morphological redetermination becomes elaborate.
  • The genitive case expresses possession, measurement, or source.
  • Like nouns, a genitive is given for the purpose of inflection.
British Dictionary definitions for genitive

genitive

/ˈdʒɛnɪtɪv/
adjective
1.
denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives in inflected languages used to indicate a relation of ownership or association, usually translated by English of
noun
2.
  1. the genitive case
  2. a word or speech element in this case
Derived Forms
genitival (ˌdʒɛnɪˈtaɪvəl) adjective
genitivally, adverb
Word Origin
C14: from Latin genetīvus relating to birth, from gignere to produce
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for genitive
genitive
late 14c., from L. casus genitivus "case expressing origin," from *geneta "birth," misused by L. grammarians to render Gk. genike (ptosis) "generic (case)," expressing race or kind (see genus).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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12
15
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