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genome

[jee-nohm] /ˈdʒi noʊm/
noun, Genetics.
1.
a full set of chromosomes; all the inheritable traits of an organism.
Also, genom
[jee-nom] /ˈdʒi nɒm/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
1925-1930
1925-30; < German Genom, equivalent to Gen gene + (Chromos)om chromosome
Related forms
genomic
[ji-noh-mik, -nom-ik] /dʒɪˈnoʊ mɪk, -ˈnɒm ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for genome
  • Readers respond to articles on human genome mapping.
  • It wouldn't be the last time that the human genome crossed his mind.
  • Rival versions of the human genome have been published at last.
  • Scientists have completed a rough sketch of the canine genome.
  • As the race to map the human genome draws to a close, scientists are getting punchy.
  • The exploration of the human genome has long been relegated to elite scientists in research laboratories.
  • The genome of the chimpanzee-mankind's closest living relative-has been sequenced.
  • Using hairs from woolly mammoths, scientists have sequenced an extensive genome of these elephant cousins, a new report says.
  • The chicken has joined the growing group of animals whose genome has been sequenced.
  • Other phages reproduce by becoming a part of the bacterium's genome.
British Dictionary definitions for genome

genome

/ˈdʒiːnəʊm/
noun
1.
the full complement of genetic material within an organism
2.
all the genes comprising a haploid set of chromosomes
Derived Forms
genomic (dʒɪˈnɒmɪk) adjective
Word Origin
C20: from German Genom, from Gengene + (chromos)ome
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for genome
n.

"sum total of genes in a set," 1930, modeled on German genom, coined 1920 by German botanist Hans Winkler, from gen "gene" + (chromos)om "chromosome."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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genome in Medicine

genome ge·nome (jē'nōm') or ge·nom (-nŏm)
n.
A complete haploid set of chromosomes with its associated genes.


ge·nom'ic (-nŏm'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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genome in Science
genome
  (jē'nōm)   
The total amount of genetic information in the chromosomes of an organism, including its genes and DNA sequences. The genome of eukaryotes is made up of a single, haploid set of chromosomes that is contained in the nucleus of every cell and exists in two copies in the chromosomes of all cells except reproductive and red blood cells. The human genome is made up of about 35,000 genes. Compare proteome.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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genome in Culture
genome [(jee-nohm)]

The sum of all information contained in the DNA for any living thing. The sequence of all the nucleotides in all the chromosomes of an organism.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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