follow Dictionary.com

Denotation vs. Connotation

germanium

[jer-mey-nee-uh m] /dʒərˈmeɪ ni əm/
noun, Chemistry
1.
a scarce, metallic, grayish-white element, normally tetravalent, used chiefly in transistors. Symbol: Ge; atomic weight: 72.59; atomic number: 32; specific gravity: 5.36 at 20°C.
Origin of germanium
1885-1890
1885-90; German(y) + -ium
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
Cite This Source
Examples from the Web for germanium
Historical Examples
  • Its negative pendant shows the same form in silicon, germanium and tin; again, the fourth was unexamined.

    Occult Chemistry Annie Besant and Charles W. Leadbeater
  • Some of you will go to the germanium mines, some to the fishing fleet, some will be apprenticed to various trades.

    The Status Civilization Robert Sheckley
  • germanium 64 is not at all stable, and neither is Neodymium 128, but the instability can be corrected by positive beta emission.

    The Bramble Bush Gordon Randall Garrett
  • In 1875 Lecoq de Boisbandram discovered gallium, which filled one of the gaps; scandium and germanium filled the other two later.

  • Tin and lead, together with silicon and germanium, form a family in Group IV of the periodic table.

  • On the one side is carbon, with below it titanium and zirconium; on the other silicon, with germanium and tin.

    Occult Chemistry Annie Besant and Charles W. Leadbeater
  • It was a true answer, for all statements made by England culminated in the one sentence germanium esse delendam.

    In the World War Count Ottokar Czernin
  • Silicon has been discussed along with the non-metals, while germanium, on account of its rarity, needs only to be mentioned.

  • germanium: an ovary: that portion of an ovarian tube containing the cell elements.

  • Other elements are named from countries or localities, as germanium and scandium.

British Dictionary definitions for germanium

germanium

/dʒɜːˈmeɪnɪəm/
noun
1.
a brittle crystalline grey element that is a semiconducting metalloid, occurring principally in zinc ores and argyrodite: used in transistors, as a catalyst, and to strengthen and harden alloys. Symbol: Ge; atomic no: 32; atomic wt: 72.61; valency: 2 or 4; relative density: 5.323; melting pt: 938.35°C; boiling pt: 2834°C
Word Origin
C19: New Latin, named after Germany
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
germanium in Medicine

germanium ger·ma·ni·um (jər-mā'nē-əm)
n.
Symbol Ge
A brittle crystalline gray-white metalloid element, used as a semiconductor and in certain optical glasses. Atomic number 32; atomic weight 72.61; melting point 938.25°C; boiling point 2,830°C; specific gravity 5.323 (at 25°C); valence 2, 4.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
germanium in Science
germanium
  (jər-mā'nē-əm)   
Symbol Ge
A brittle, crystalline, grayish-white metalloid element that is found in coal, in zinc ores, and in several minerals. It is used as a semiconductor and in wide-angle lenses. Atomic number 32; atomic weight 72.59; melting point 937.4°C; boiling point 2,830°C; specific gravity 5.323 (at 25°C); valence 2, 4. See Periodic Table.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for germanium

Some English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for germanium

14
19
Scrabble Words With Friends