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[jin-juh-vahy-tis] /ˌdʒɪn dʒəˈvaɪ tɪs/
noun, Pathology
inflammation of the gums.
1870-75; < New Latin; see gingiva, -itis Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for gingivitis
  • Dental caries, gangrene, gingivitis and sleeping sickness could merit mention.
  • Tooth decay and gingivitis, among other dental disease, is encouraged by extended periods of dry mouth.
British Dictionary definitions for gingivitis


inflammation of the gums
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gingivitis

1874, from Latin gingiva "gums" + -itis.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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gingivitis in Medicine

gingivitis gin·gi·vi·tis (jĭn'jə-vī'tĭs)
Inflammation of the gums, characterized by redness and swelling.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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gingivitis in Science
Inflammation of the gums, characterized by redness and swelling.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for gingivitis

inflammation of the gums (gingivae). Symptoms include tender, sometimes swollen, gums that bleed easily. Areas of tissue destruction (necrosis) or ulceration may develop, and fever and halitosis may be present in severe disease. The most common cause of gingivitis is the accumulation of dental plaque on exposed tooth surfaces. The form of gingivitis known as trench mouth (Vincent's gingivitis) is believed to be caused by a spirochete, Borrelia, and a bacterium, Fusobacterium, acting in symbiosis on previously weakened gum tissue. General infections, poor tooth alignment (malocclusion), poor dental hygiene, and faulty dentures are other causes of gingivitis. In some cases, gingivitis occurs as a result of another disease, such as diabetes mellitus, leukemia or similar blood dyscrasias, or vitamin deficiency

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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