girandole

girandole

[jir-uhn-dohl]
noun
1.
a rotating and radiating firework.
2.
an ornate bracket for candelabra or the like, sometimes with a reflecting mirror at the back of the shelf.
3.
a brooch or earring consisting of a central ornament with usually three smaller ornaments hanging from it.
Also, girandola [ji-ran-dl-uh] .


Origin:
1625–35; < French < Italian girandola, derivative of girare to turn in a circle < Latin gȳrāre, derivative of gȳrus a circle < Greek gŷros

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World English Dictionary
girandole or girandola (ˈdʒɪrənˌdəʊl, dʒɪˈrændələ)
 
n
1.  an ornamental branched wall candleholder, usually incorporating a mirror
2.  an earring or pendant having a central gem surrounded by smaller ones
3.  a kind of revolving firework
4.  artillery a group of connected mines
 
[C17: from French, from Italian girandola, from girare to revolve, from Latin gӯrāre to gyrate]
 
girandola or girandola
 
n
 
[C17: from French, from Italian girandola, from girare to revolve, from Latin gӯrāre to gyrate]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

girandole

elaborate wall bracket incorporating one or more candleholders and frequently a mirror to reflect the light. An object of luxury, it was usually embellished with carving and gilding. Although the name is Italian in origin, girandoles reached the greatest heights of fashion (in the second half of the 18th century) in France and England. At the beginning of this period they represented the most exuberant expression of the Rococo

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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