given to

given

[giv-uhn]
verb
1.
past participle of give.
adjective
2.
stated, fixed, or specified: at a given time.
3.
addicted or disposed (often followed by to ): given to making snide remarks.
4.
bestowed as a gift; conferred.
5.
assigned as a basis of calculation, reasoning, etc.: Given A and B, C follows.
6.
Mathematics. known or independently determined: a given magnitude.
7.
(on official documents) executed and delivered as of the date shown.
noun
8.
an established fact, condition, factor, etc.

self-given, adjective
ungiven, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
given (ˈɡɪvən)
 
vb
1.  the past participle of give
 
adj (foll by to)
2.  tending (to); inclined or addicted (to)
3.  specific or previously stated
4.  assumed as a premise
5.  maths known or determined independently: a given volume
6.  (on official documents) issued or executed, as on a stated date
 
n
7.  an assumed fact
8.  philosophy See also sense datum the supposed raw data of experience

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

give
O.E. giefan (W. Saxon), class V strong verb (past tense geaf, pp. giefen), from P.Gmc. *gebanan (cf. O.Fris. jeva, M.Du. gheven, Ger. geben, Goth. giban), from PIE *ghab(h)- "to take, hold, have, give" (see habit). It became yiven in M.E., but changed to guttural "g" by infl.
of O.N. gefa "to give," O.Dan. givæ. Meaning "to yield to pressure" is from 1577. Given "allotted, predestined" (O.E. giefeðe) also had a n. sense of "fate," reflecting an important concept in pagan Gmc. ideology. The modern sense of "what is given, known facts" is from 1879. To give (someone) a cold seems to reflect the old belief that one could be cured of disease by deliberately infecting others. What gives? "what is happening?" is attested from 1940. Give-and-take (n.) is originally from horse racing (1769) and refers to races in which bigger horses were given more weight to carry, lighter ones less. Give-away (n.) is from 1872.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

given to

Tending toward, inclined to, as in She was given to eating crackers in bed. [Late 1500s]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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