|William Ewart. 1809--98, British statesman. He became leader of the Liberal Party in 1867 and was four times prime minister (1868--74; 1880--85; 1886; 1892--94). In his first ministry he disestablished the Irish Church (1869) and introduced educational reform (1870) and the secret ballot (1872). He succeeded in carrying the Reform Act of 1884 but failed to gain support for a Home Rule Bill for Ireland, to which he devoted much of the latter part of his career|
city, eastern Queensland, eastern Australia, on Port Curtis, an inlet of the Coral Sea. Originally settled in 1847 as a colony by the New South Wales government, it was abandoned in 1848 but was resettled by squatters in 1853. It became a municipality in 1863 and was named for W.E. Gladstone, the British statesman. A tourist centre for the Great Barrier Reef, it is located in a cattle and dairy region. Its fine natural harbour, with anchorages of up to 70 feet (20 metres), was a mustering place for convoys during World War II. Rapid postwar development was based on the export of coal to Japan (from the Kiang-Moura field), aluminum (reduced from bauxite deposits at Weipa), sulfuric acid, and meat products. Pop. (2001) 26,625.
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