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glanders

[glan-derz] /ˈglæn dərz/
noun, (used with a singular verb) Veterinary Pathology
1.
a contagious disease chiefly of horses and mules but communicable to humans, caused by the bacterium Pseudomonas mallei and characterized by swellings beneath the jaw and a profuse mucous discharge from the nostrils.
Compare farcy.
Origin
1475-1485
1475-85; < Middle French glandres swollen glands < Latin glandulae swollen glands, literally, little acorns. See gland1, -ule
Related forms
glanderous, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for glanders
  • glanders is transmitted to humans by direct contact with infected animals.
  • The symptoms of melioidosis are similar to glanders and will depend upon the location where bacteria entered the body.
British Dictionary definitions for glanders

glanders

/ˈɡlændəz/
noun
1.
(functioning as sing) a highly infectious bacterial disease of horses, sometimes transmitted to man, caused by Actinobacillus mallei and characterized by inflammation and ulceration of the mucous membranes of the air passages, skin, and lymph glands
Derived Forms
glandered, adjective
glanderous, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Old French glandres enlarged glands, from Latin glandulae, literally: little acorns, from glāns acorn; see gland1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for glanders
n.

"horse disease characterized by glandular swelling," early 15c., from Old French glandres "swollen glands," plural of glandre, from Latin glandula (see gland).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for glanders

farcy

specific infectious and contagious disease of solipeds (the horse, ass, and mule); secondarily, humans may become infected through contact with diseased animals or by inoculation while handling diseased tissues and making laboratory cultures of the causal bacillus. In 1882 the bacteriologists Friedrich Loffler and Wilhelm Schutz in Germany isolated and identified the causal agent, which they named the Bacillus mallei, now designated technically as the Pfeifferella mallei or Malleomyces mallei. After infection, the disease usually follows a chronic course with a variable period of incubation extending from several weeks to several months.

Learn more about farcy with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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