[glaz-nost, glahz‐; Russian glahs-nuhst]
the declared public policy within the Soviet Union of openly and frankly discussing economic and political realities: initiated under Mikhail Gorbachev in 1985.

1980–85; < Russian glásnost' literally, publicity (taken to mean openness) Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
glasnost (ˈɡlæsˌnɒst)
the policy of public frankness and accountability developed in the former Soviet Union under the leadership of Mikhailgorbachev
[C20: Russian, literally: openness]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1972 (in reference to a letter of 1969 by Solzhenitsyn), from Rus., lit. "publicity," ult. from O.C.S. glasu "voice" (see call). First used in a socio-political sense by Lenin; popularized in Eng. after Mikhail Gorbachev used it prominently in a speech of March 11, 1985, accepting
the post of general secretary of the CPSU.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
glasnost [(glahs-nuhst, glas-nost, glaz-nost)]

A Russian word meaning “openness,” which describes the policy of Mikhail Gorbachev, premier of the former Soviet Union. The term refers to a general loosening of government control on all aspects of life in the Soviet Union, even to the point of permitting criticism of government policies.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Americans were born with glasnost and perestroika as their birthrights.
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