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glaucoma

[glaw-koh-muh, glou-] /glɔˈkoʊ mə, glaʊ-/
noun
1.
Ophthalmology. abnormally high fluid pressure in the eye, most commonly caused either by blockage of the channel through which aqueous humor drains (open-angle glaucoma or chronic glaucoma) or by pressure of the iris against the lens, which traps the aqueous humor (angle-closure glaucoma or acute glaucoma)
Origin
1635-1645
1635-45; < Greek glaúkōma opacity of the eye lens. See glauco-, -oma
Related forms
glaucomatous
[glaw-koh-muh-tuh s, -kom-uh-, glou-] /glɔˈkoʊ mə təs, -ˈkɒm ə-, glaʊ-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for glaucoma
  • They can also explore their genetic likelihood of developing deep-vein thrombosis, skin cancer or glaucoma.
  • Seventy per cent of patients suffering from glaucoma risk blindness because they don't use their eyedrops regularly.
  • Phacoemulsification is sometimes combined with glaucoma surgical procedures, for patients who have both glaucoma and cataracts.
  • glaucoma-- increased pressure in the eye is called glaucoma.
  • Acute glaucoma-- a sudden increase in eye pressure that is extremely painful and causes serious visual disturbances.
  • She has battled a serious case of glaucoma, now under control.
  • glaucoma occurs when the normal fluid pressure inside the eyes slowly rises.
  • Diagnosis and management of chronic open angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension.
British Dictionary definitions for glaucoma

glaucoma

/ɡlɔːˈkəʊmə/
noun
1.
a disease of the eye in which pressure within the eyeball damages the optic disc, impairing vision, sometimes progressing to blindness
Derived Forms
glaucomatous, adjective
Word Origin
C17: from Latin, from Greek glaukōma, from glaukos; see glaucous
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for glaucoma
n.

1640s, from Greek glaukoma "cataract, opacity of the lens" (cataracts and glaucoma not distinguished until c.1705), from -oma + glaukos, an adjective of uncertain origin (see glaucous).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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glaucoma in Medicine

glaucoma glau·co·ma (glou-kō'mə, glô-)
n.
Any of a group of eye diseases characterized by abnormally high intraocular fluid pressure, damaged optic disk, hardening of the eyeball, and partial to complete loss of vision.


glau·co'ma·tous (-kō'mə-təs) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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glaucoma in Science
glaucoma
  (glou-kō'mə, glô-)   
A disease of the eye in which the pressure of fluid inside the eyeball is abnormally high, caused by obstructed outflow of the fluid. The increased pressure can damage the optic nerve and lead to partial or complete loss of vision.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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glaucoma in Culture
glaucoma [(glow-koh-muh, glaw-koh-muh)]

A disease of the eye marked by increased fluid pressure in the eyeball. Glaucoma can damage the optic nerve and may result in blindness if not treated. Surgery may be required for severe cases.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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