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glauconite

[glaw-kuh-nahyt] /ˈglɔ kəˌnaɪt/
noun
1.
a greenish micaceous mineral consisting essentially of a hydrous silicate of potassium, aluminum, and iron and occurring in greensand, clays, etc.
Origin
1830-1840
1830-40; < Greek glaukón, neuter of glaukós (see glauco-) + -ite1
Related forms
glauconitic
[glaw-kuh-nit-ik] /ˌglɔ kəˈnɪt ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for glauconite
  • glauconite grains are typically dark green and have botryoidal shapes.
  • Locally, thin stringers of pale-greenish-brown, smooth-surface glauconite occur near the top.
British Dictionary definitions for glauconite

glauconite

/ˈɡlɔːkəˌnaɪt/
noun
1.
a green mineral consisting of the hydrated silicate of iron, potassium, aluminium, and magnesium: found in greensand and other similar rocks. Formula: (K,Na,Ca)0.5-1(Fe,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2.nH2O
Derived Forms
glauconitic (ˌɡlɔːkəˈnɪtɪk) adjective
Word Origin
C19: from Greek glaukon, neuter of glaukos bluish-green + -ite1; see glaucous
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for glauconite

greenish ferric-iron silicate mineral with micaceous structure [(K, Na)(Fe3+,Al, Mg)2(Si, Al)4O10(OmicronH)2], characteristically formed on submarine elevations ranging in depth from 30 to 1,000 metres (100 to 3,300 feet) below sea level. Glauconite is abundant only in sea-floor areas that are isolated from large supplies of land-derived sediment.

Learn more about glauconite with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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