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glucagon

[gloo-kuh-gon] /ˈglu kəˌgɒn/
noun, Biochemistry
1.
a hormone secreted by the pancreas that acts in opposition to insulin in the regulation of blood glucose levels.
Origin
1923
1923; probably gluc- + Greek ágōn present participle of ágein to lead, drive; see -agogue
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for glucagon
  • Persons with severe hypoglycemia are treated with glucose injections or the hormone glucagon.
British Dictionary definitions for glucagon

glucagon

/ˈɡluːkəˌɡɒn; -ɡən/
noun
1.
a polypeptide hormone, produced in the pancreas by the islets of Langerhans, that stimulates the release of glucose into the blood Compare insulin
Word Origin
C20: from gluc(ose) + -agon, perhaps from Greek agein to lead
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for glucagon
n.

1923, from gluco- + Greek agon, present participle of agein "to lead" (see act (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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glucagon in Medicine

glucagon glu·ca·gon (glōō'kə-gŏn')
n.
A polypeptide hormone secreted by alpha cells that initiates a rise in blood sugar levels by stimulating the breakdown of glycogen by the liver.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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glucagon in Science
glucagon
  (gl'kə-gŏn')   
A polypeptide hormone produced by the pancreas that stimulates an increase in blood glucose levels, thus opposing the action of insulin.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for glucagon

a pancreatic hormone produced by cells in the islets of Langerhans. Glucagon, a protein of low molecular weight, strongly opposes the action of insulin; it raises the concentration of sugar (glucose) in the blood by promoting the breakdown of glycogen (the form in which glucose is stored in the liver). It also reduces the rate of glycogen synthesis, promotes the breakdown of protein, and promotes the metabolism of fat. Gastrointestinal glucagon, another form, is secreted into the blood when glucose is ingested; its only action appears to be to stimulate the secretion of insulin.

Learn more about glucagon with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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