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Denotation vs. Connotation

gouge

[gouj] /gaʊdʒ/
noun
1.
a chisel having a partly cylindrical blade with the bevel on either the concave or the convex side.
2.
an act of gouging.
3.
a groove or hole made by gouging.
4.
an act of extortion; swindle.
5.
Geology.
  1. a layer of decomposed rocks or minerals found along the walls of a vein.
  2. fragments of rock that have accumulated between or along the walls of a fault.
verb (used with object), gouged, gouging.
6.
to scoop out or turn with or as if with a gouge:
to gouge a channel; to gouge holes.
7.
to dig or force out with or as if with a gouge:
to gouge out an eye.
8.
to make a gouge in:
to gouge one's leg.
9.
to extort from, swindle, or overcharge.
verb (used without object), gouged, gouging.
10.
to engage in swindling, overcharging, or the like:
I bought my clothes there before they began gouging.
Origin of gouge
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English < French < Late Latin gu(l)bia; compare Old Provençal goja, Spanish gubia; perhaps < Celtic; compare Old Irish gulba sting, Welsh gylf beak, Cornish gilb borer
Related forms
gouger, noun
ungouged, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for gouger
Historical Examples
  • My trees are troubled with canker-worm, tent-caterpillar, and leaf-crumpler; my apples with codling-moth and gouger.

    The Apple Various
  • If it was Mr. gouger who had rejected his work, it was Mr. gouger that he must see.

    A Black Adonis Linn Boyd Porter
  • Usually a gouger asked several pounds more than he expected to get.

    The Black Opal Katharine Susannah Prichard
  • "No," responded Mr. gouger, disposing of that theory in one breath.

    A Black Adonis Linn Boyd Porter
  • Mr. gouger's face bore its gentlest expression at that moment.

    A Black Adonis Linn Boyd Porter
  • Mr. gouger pursed up his lips, and uttered an impatient, "Pah!"

    A Black Adonis Linn Boyd Porter
  • My trees are troubled with root aphis; my apples are bothered by codling-moth, gouger, and blue jays.

    The Apple Various
  • "You might at least have got an introduction for him," said gouger, reflectively.

    A Black Adonis Linn Boyd Porter
  • Not knowing where else to turn he went to see Mr. gouger, to whom he unbosomed the result of his call.

    A Black Adonis Linn Boyd Porter
  • "You were right, Mr. gouger," he said, turning to that gentleman.

    A Black Adonis Linn Boyd Porter
British Dictionary definitions for gouger

gouger

/ˈɡaʊdʒə/
noun
1.
a person or tool that gouges
2.
(Irish, dialect) a low-class city lout

gouge

/ɡaʊdʒ/
verb (mainly transitive)
1.
(usually foll by out) to scoop or force (something) out of its position, esp with the fingers or a pointed instrument
2.
(sometimes foll by out) to cut (a hole or groove) in (something) with a sharp instrument or tool
3.
(US & Canadian, informal) to extort from
4.
(also intransitive) (Austral) to dig for (opal)
noun
5.
a type of chisel with a blade that has a concavo-convex section
6.
a mark or groove made with, or as if with, a gouge
7.
(geology) a fine deposit of rock fragments, esp clay, occurring between the walls of a fault or mineral vein
8.
(US & Canadian, informal) extortion; swindling
Word Origin
C15: from French, from Late Latin gulbia a chisel, of Celtic origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gouger

gouge

n.

mid-14c., "chisel with a concave blade," from Old French gouge, from Late Latin gubia, alteration of gulbia "hollow beveled chisel," probably from Gaulish (cf. Old Irish gulban "prick, prickle," Welsh gylfin "beak").

v.

1560s, "to cut with a gouge," from gouge (n.). Meaning "to force out with a gouge" (especially of the eyes, in fighting) attested by 1800. Meaning "swindle" is American English colloquial from 1826 (implied in plural noun gougers). Related: Gouged; gouging.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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gouger in Medicine

gouge (gouj)
n.
A strong curved chisel used in bone surgery.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for gouger

gouge

verb

To cheat; flimflam, scam: Looks respectable, but this place regularly gouges the customer (1875+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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