verb (used with object)
to rule over by right of authority: to govern a nation.
to exercise a directing or restraining influence over; guide: the motives governing a decision.
to hold in check; control: to govern one's temper.
to serve as or constitute a law for: the principles governing a case.
Grammar. to be regularly accompanied by or require the use of (a particular form). In They helped us, the verb helped governs the objective case of the pronoun we.
to regulate the speed of (an engine) with a governor.
verb (used without object)
to exercise the function of government.
to have predominating influence.

1250–1300; Middle English < Old French gouverner < Latin gubernāre to steer (a ship) < Greek kybernân to steer

governable, adjective
governability, governableness, noun
overgovern, verb (used with object)
regovern, verb (used with object)
supergovern, verb (used with object)
ungoverned, adjective
ungoverning, adjective
well-governed, adjective

1. reign. See rule. 2. control, sway, influence, conduct, supervise, superintend.

1. obey. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To governing
World English Dictionary
govern (ˈɡʌvən)
1.  (also intr) to direct and control the actions, affairs, policies, functions, etc, of (a political unit, organization, nation, etc); rule
2.  to exercise restraint over; regulate or direct: to govern one's temper
3.  to be a predominant influence on (something); decide or determine (something): his injury governed his decision to avoid sports
4.  to control the speed of (an engine, machine, etc) using a governor
5.  to control the rate of flow of (a fluid) by using an automatic valve
6.  (of a word) to determine the inflection of (another word): Latin nouns govern adjectives that modify them
[C13: from Old French gouverner, from Latin gubernāre to steer, from Greek kubernan]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, from O.Fr. governer "govern," from L. gubernare "to direct, rule, guide," originally "to steer," from Gk. kybernan "to steer or pilot a ship, direct" (the root of cybernetics). The -k- to -g- sound shift is perhaps via the medium of Etruscan.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Appoint a governing body that will determine what needs to be done and get the
  repairs done.
The amygdala integrates the information flow from the olfactory bulb cells and
  projects to areas governing behavior responses.
Due to strict laws governing transgenic products, the rest of the rabbit milk
  has to be destroyed.
As it happens, that is not a distinction treasured by the governing authorities.
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