kerning

[kur-ning]
noun Printing.
the setting of two letters closer together than is usual by removing space between them.

Origin:
1675–85; kern2 + -ing1

Dictionary.com Unabridged

kern

1 [kurn] Printing.
noun
1.
a part of the face of a type projecting beyond the body or shank, as in certain italic letters.
verb (used with object)
2.
to form or furnish with a kern, as a type or letter.
3.
to remove a portion of space between (adjacent letters) in preparation for printing.

Origin:
1675–85; < French carne corner of type ≪ Latin cardin- (stem of cardō) hinge

kern

4 [kurn] British Dialect.
verb (used without object)
1.
(of a tree or plant) to produce or form kernels, hard grain, or seed.
verb (used with object)
2.
to cause to granulate, especially to granulate salt.
3.
to cover with crystalline grains of salt; salt (meat).
noun
4.
Obsolete. a kernel, as of a nut; a grain, as of sand or wheat.

Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English kirnen, kerne (v.); akin to kirnelen to develop into seed; see kernel

kern

5 [kurn]
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), noun Scot. and North England.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
kern or kerne1 (kɜːn)
 
n
1.  the part of the character on a piece of printer's type that projects beyond the body
 
vb
2.  (tr) to furnish (a typeface) with a kern
 
[C17: from French carne corner of type, projecting angle, ultimately from Latin cardō hinge]
 
kerne or kerne1
 
n
 
vb
 
[C17: from French carne corner of type, projecting angle, ultimately from Latin cardō hinge]

kern2 (kɜːn)
 
n
1.  a lightly armed foot soldier in medieval Ireland or Scotland
2.  a troop of such soldiers
3.  archaic a loutish peasant
 
[C14: from Middle Irish cethern band of foot soldiers, from cath battle]

kern3 (kɜːn)
 
n
engineering the central area of a wall, column, etc, through which all compressive forces pass
 
[from German Kern core, heart]

Kern (kɜːn)
 
n
Jerome (David). 1885--1945, US composer of musical comedies, esp Show Boat (1927)

kerning (ˈkɜːnɪŋ)
 
n
printing the adjustment of space between the letters of words to improve the appearance of text matter

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

kern
1683, "part of a metal type projecting beyond the body," as the head of an -f- or the tail of a -j-, from Fr. carne "projecting angle, quill of a pen," from L. cardinem "hinge."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

kerning definition

text
The process of reducing the spacing between certain pairs of letters to improve their appearance. When a font is created, each character is given a width that includes some space around it so that the letters don't run into each other when displayed or printed. This can be thought of as an invisible box around each character. Some pairs of characters such as A and V, look better if the boxes overlap slightly, bringing the characters closer together (but still not touching).
See also tracking, leading.
(1996-06-07)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
We further agree that these fonts shall be made public including providing all applicable kerning spacing.
Tracking, kerning, and leading values shall not be changed from the default values of the word processing or page layout software.
Two files are on disk, one with text only and the other with kerning and picture placeholders.
Image for kerning
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