government

[guhv-ern-muhnt, ‐er-muhnt]
noun
1.
the political direction and control exercised over the actions of the members, citizens, or inhabitants of communities, societies, and states; direction of the affairs of a state, community, etc.; political administration: Government is necessary to the existence of civilized society.
2.
the form or system of rule by which a state, community, etc., is governed: monarchical government; episcopal government.
3.
the governing body of persons in a state, community, etc.; administration.
4.
a branch or service of the supreme authority of a state or nation, taken as representing the whole: a dam built by the government.
5.
a.
the particular group of persons forming the cabinet at any given time: The prime minister has formed a new government.
b.
the parliament along with the cabinet: The government has fallen.
6.
direction; control; management; rule: the government of one's conduct.
7.
a district governed; province.
9.
Grammar. the extablished usage that requires that one word in a sentence should cause another to be of a particular form: the government of the verb by its subject.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Old French governement. See govern, -ment

governmental [guhv-ern-men-tl, ‐er-men] , adjective
governmentally, adverb
countergovernment, noun
nongovernment, noun
nongovernmental, adjective
pro-government, adjective
regovernment, noun
semigovernmental, adjective
semigovernmentally, adverb
subgovernment, noun
undergovernment, noun
ungovernmental, adjective
ungovernmentally, adverb


See collective noun.


Normal phonological processes are reflected in a variety of pronunciations for government. Most commonly, the first [n] of [guhv-ern-muhnt] assimilates to the immediately following [m] with the resulting identical nasal sounds coalescing to give the pronunciation [guhv-er-muhnt]. This pronunciation is considered standard and occurs throughout the U.S. For speakers in regions where postvocalic [r] is regularly lost, as along the Eastern Seaboard and in the South, the resulting pronunciation is [guhv-uh-muhnt] or, with loss of the medial unstressed vowel, [guhv-muhnt]. Further assimilation, in which the labiodental [v] in anticipation of the bilabial quality of the following [m] becomes the bilabial stop [b] leads in the South Midland and Southern U.S. to the pronunciation [guhb-muhnt] See isn't.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
government (ˈɡʌvənmənt, ˈɡʌvəmənt)
 
n
1.  the exercise of political authority over the actions, affairs, etc, of a political unit, people, etc, as well as the performance of certain functions for this unit or body; the action of governing; political rule and administration
2.  the system or form by which a community, etc, is ruled: tyrannical government
3.  a.  the executive policy-making body of a political unit, community, etc; ministry or administration: yesterday we got a new government
 b.  (capital when of a specific country): the British Government
4.  a.  the state and its administration: blame it on the government
 b.  (as modifier): a government agency
5.  regulation; direction
6.  grammar the determination of the form of one word by another word
 
governmental
 
adj
 
govern'mentally
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

government
1550s, "system by which a thing is governed" (especially a state), from O.Fr. governement (Mod.Fr. gouvernement), from governer (see govern). Replaced M.E. governance. Meaning "action of governing" is from 1560s; meaning "governing power" in a given place is from 1702.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
No governmental action can do more than supplement individual action.
Moreover, there must be collective action of kinds distinct from governmental
  action.
Unfortunately, given current industry lobbying and governmental laws, no other
  medication is available on the market.
The primary obstacle is corruption and incompetent governmental leadership.
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