[grey-dee-uh nt]
/ˈgreɪ di ənt/

- 4 nouns
- 3 adjectives

1.

the degree of inclination, or the rate of ascent or descent, in a highway, railroad, etc.

2.

an inclined surface; grade; ramp.

3.

Physics.

- the rate of change with respect to distance of a variable quantity, as temperature or pressure, in the direction of maximum change.
- a curve representing such a rate of change.

4.

Mathematics. a differential operator that, operating upon a function of several variables, results in a vector the coordinates of which are the partial derivatives of the function. Symbol: ∇.

Abbreviation: grad.

5.

rising or descending by regular degrees of inclination.

6.

progressing by walking; stepping with the feet as animals do.

7.

of a type suitable for walking or running, as the feet of certain birds; gressorial.

Wind is the flow of air from areas of high to low pressure down the pressure slope, or gradient.

Scientists suspected that the gradient might be related to the effectiveness of mucus as a barrier.

Rather, it is the skill gap and steeper gradient that needs to be scaled towards jobs of the future.

The gradient of the river-how quickly it drops-helps define the steepness of the sides and the width of the floor.

Each time, they increased the pressure in the balloon, thereby decreasing the amount of pressure gradient.

The work is derived from the potential energy of the salinity gradient.

If there were any hands raised, teach them that stream flow is entirely dependent upon the gradient of the streambed.

The number of diets you've tried correlates exactly with the gradient of weight gained over time.

Ageing has been a gentle gradient so far, but it is getting steeper.

Flattening the gradient cheapens the experience, the relationships, and the people in them.

gradient (ˈɡreɪdɪənt) | |

—n | |

1. | Also called (esp US): grade a part of a railway, road, etc, that slopes upwards or downwards; inclination |

2. | Also called (esp US and Canadian): grade a measure of such a slope, esp the ratio of the vertical distance between two points on the slope to the horizontal distance between them |

3. | physics a measure of the change of some physical quantity, such as temperature or electric potential, over a specified distance |

4. | maths |

a. (of a curve) the slope of the tangent at any point on a curve with respect to the horizontal axis | |

b. curl Compare divergence (of a function, f(x, y, z)) the vector whose components along the axes are the partial derivatives of the function with respect to each variable, and whose direction is that in which the derivative of the function has its maximum value. Usually written: grad f, ∇f or ∇f | |

—adj | |

5. | sloping uniformly |

[C19: from Latin gradiēns stepping, from gradī to go] |

gradient

"steep slope of a road or railroad," 1835, principally in Amer.Eng., from grade (q.v.) by analogy of quotient, etc.

**gradient** gra·di·ent (grā'dē-ənt)*n.*

The rate at which a physical quantity, such as temperature or pressure, changes relative to change in a given variable, especially distance.

A series of progressively increasing or decreasing differences in the growth rate, metabolism, or physiological activity of a cell, an organ, or an organism.