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grenadier

[gren-uh-deer] /ˌgrɛn əˈdɪər/
noun
1.
(in the British army) a member of the first regiment of household infantry (Grenadier Guards)
2.
(formerly) a specially selected foot soldier in certain elite units.
3.
(formerly) a soldier who threw grenades.
4.
Also called rat-tail, rat tail. any of several deep-sea fishes of the family Macrouridae, having an elongated, tapering tail.
Origin
1670-1680
1670-80; < French; see grenade, -ier2
Related forms
grenadierial, adjective
grenadierly, adverb
grenadiership, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for grenadier

grenadier

/ˌɡrɛnəˈdɪə/
noun
1.
(military)
  1. (in the British Army) a member of the senior regiment of infantry in the Household Brigade
  2. (formerly) a member of a special formation, usually selected for strength and height
  3. (formerly) a soldier trained to throw grenades
2.
Also called rat-tail. any deep-sea gadoid fish of the family Macrouridae, typically having a large head and trunk and a long tapering tail
3.
any of various African weaverbirds of the genus Estrilda See waxbill
Word Origin
C17: from French; see grenade
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for grenadier
n.

1670s, originally a word for soldiers "who were dexterous in flinging hand-granados" [Evelyn], from French grenadier (15c.), from Middle French grenade "grenade" (see grenade); later "the tallest and finest men in the regiment" [OED].

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for grenadier

any of about 300 species of abundant deep-sea fishes of the family Macrouridae found along the ocean bottom in warm and temperate regions. The typical grenadier is a large-headed fish with a tapered body ending in a long, ratlike tail bordered above and below by the anal and second dorsal fins. The eyes are large, and the mouth is on the underside of the head. The often extended snout presumably aids in rooting about the bottom for food. Some species have light organs, and some can produce sounds by means of paired muscles attached to the swim bladder. The fish is usually about 30 to 60 cm (1 to 2 feet) long.

Learn more about grenadier with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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