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[greev] /griv/
verb (used without object), grieved, grieving.
to feel grief or great sorrow:
She has grieved over his death for nearly three years.
verb (used with object), grieved, grieving.
to distress mentally; cause to feel grief or sorrow:
It grieves me to see you so unhappy.
Archaic. to oppress or wrong.
Origin of grieve
1175-1225; Middle English greven, grieven < Old French grever < Latin gravāre to burden, derivative of gravis heavy, grave2
Related forms
[gree-vid-lee, greevd-] /ˈgri vɪd li, ˈgrivd-/ (Show IPA),
griever, noun
grievingly, adverb
nongrieved, adjective
nongrieving, adjective
overgrieve, verb, overgrieved, overgrieving.
ungrieved, adjective
ungrieving, adjective
Can be confused
greave, grieve.
1. lament, weep, bewail, bemoan; suffer. Grieve, mourn imply showing suffering caused by sorrow. Grieve is the stronger word, implying deep mental suffering often endured alone and in silence but revealed by one's aspect: to grieve over the loss (or death ) of a friend. Mourn usually refers to manifesting sorrow outwardly, either with or without sincerity: to mourn publicly and wear black. 2. sadden, pain. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for grieve
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Dame, I grieve to tell you that your knight has been somewhat hurt in his hunting.

    A Forgotten Hero Emily Sarah Holt
  • I grieve now that I helped to make you miserable: but, indeed, I was miserable myself.

    Deerbrook Harriet Martineau
  • People snivel over the deaths of babies; I see nothing to grieve about.

    The Whirlpool George Gissing
  • But in the field of love, I grieve to say, their equality was of another kind.

    Days Off Henry Van Dyke
  • Yet we grieve a thousand times more for you than for ourselves; and are not absorbed in any grief.

British Dictionary definitions for grieve


to feel or cause to feel great sorrow or distress, esp at the death of someone
(transitive) (obsolete) to inflict injury, hardship, or sorrow on
Derived Forms
griever, noun
grieving, noun, adjective
grievingly, adverb
Word Origin
C13: from Old French grever, from Latin gravāre to burden, from gravis heavy


(Scot) a farm manager or overseer
Word Origin
C15: from Old English (Northumbrian) græfa reeve
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for grieve

early 13c., "cause pain," from tonic stem of Old French grever "to burden, oppress, aggravate" (see grief). Meaning "be very sad, lament" is from c.1300. Related: Grieved; grieving.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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