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griot

[gree-oh, gree-oh, gree-ot] /griˈoʊ, ˈgri oʊ, ˈgri ɒt/
noun
1.
a member of a hereditary caste among the peoples of western Africa whose function is to keep an oral history of the tribe or village and to entertain with stories, poems, songs, dances, etc.
Origin
1955-1960
1955-60; < French, earlier guiriot, perhaps ultimately < Portuguese criado domestic servant, altered in W African coastal creoles
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for griot

griot

/ˈɡriːəʊ; ɡriːˈɒt/
noun
1.
(in Western Africa) a member of a caste responsible for maintaining an oral record of tribal history in the form of music, poetry, and storytelling
Word Origin
C20: from French guirot, perhaps from Portuguese criado domestic servant
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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