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Gueux

[French gœ] /French gœ/
noun
1.

Les Gueux

[ley gœ] /leɪ ˈgœ/
noun
1.
a league of Dutch and Flemish patriots, composed chiefly of nobles and formed in 1566 to resist the introduction of the Spanish Inquisition into the Netherlands.
2.
(later) any of various Dutch or Flemish partisan groups organized to gain independence for the Netherlands from Spain.
Origin
< French: literally, the beggars
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Encyclopedia Article for Gueux

the largely Calvinist Dutch guerrilla and privateering forces whose military actions initiated the Netherlands' revolt against Spanish rule (1568-1609). The term was first applied derisively to the lesser nobility who, together with some of the great Netherlands magnates, in 1566 petitioned Margaret of Parma, governor-general of the Netherlands, to relax the religious persecution against Protestants. Receiving partial satisfaction of their grievances, the nobles, led by Hendrik van Brederode, gladly accepted the title of Geuzen ("Beggars").

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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