noun Military.
a small flag or streamer carried as a guide, for marking or signaling, or for identification.
the soldier carrying it.
Compare colorbearer.

1540–50; < Middle French < Italian guidone, equivalent to guid(are) to guide + -one noun suffix Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
guidon (ˈɡaɪdən)
1.  a small pennant, used as a marker or standard, esp by cavalry regiments
2.  the man or vehicle that carries this
[C16: from French, from Old Provençal guidoo, from guidaguide]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"small flag," 1548, from M.Fr., from It. guidone "battle standard," from guidare "to direct, guide," from O.Prov. guidar (see guide).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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