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gulag

[goo-lahg] /ˈgu lɑg/
noun, (sometimes initial capital letter)
1.
the system of forced-labor camps in the Soviet Union.
2.
a Soviet forced-labor camp.
3.
any prison or detention camp, especially for political prisoners.
Origin
1970-1975
1970-75; < Russian Gulág, acronym from Glávnoe upravlénie ispravítelʾno-trudovýkh lageréĭ Main Directorate of Corrective Labor Camps
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for gulag

Gulag

/ˈɡuːlæɡ/
noun
1.
(formerly) the central administrative department of the Soviet security service, established in 1930, responsible for maintaining prisons and forced labour camps
2.
(not capital) any system used to silence dissents
Word Origin
C20: from Russian G(lavnoye) U(pravleniye Ispravitelno-Trudovykh) Lag(erei) Main Administration for Corrective Labour Camps
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gulag
n.

system of prisons and labor camps, especially for political detainees, in the former Soviet Union; rough acronym from Russian Glavnoe upravlenie ispravitel'no-trudovykh lagerei "Chief Administration of Corrective Labor Camps," set up in 1931.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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gulag in Culture
gulag [(gooh-lahg)]

A system of prison camps inside the former Soviet Union used for political prisoners. Under Joseph Stalin, millions of prisoners in these camps died from starvation and maltreatment. This system was given worldwide attention in the writings of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn. Gulag is an acronym in Russian of the name meaning Chief Administration of Corrective Labor Camps.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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