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gun1

[guhn] /gʌn/
noun
1.
a weapon consisting of a metal tube, with mechanical attachments, from which projectiles are shot by the force of an explosive; a piece of ordnance.
2.
any portable firearm, as a rifle, shotgun, or revolver.
3.
a long-barreled cannon having a relatively flat trajectory.
4.
any device for shooting something under pressure:
a paint gun; a staple gun.
5.
Slang. a person whose profession is killing; professional killer:
a gangland gun.
6.
British. a member of a shooting party.
8.
Slang.
  1. (esp. in baseball) a player’s throwing arm.
  2. guns, the biceps or triceps of the arms:
    his big, muscular guns.
verb (used with object), gunned, gunning.
9.
to shoot with a gun (often followed by down):
The guards gunned down the fleeing convict.
10.
to cause (an engine, vehicle, aircraft, etc.) to increase in speed very quickly by increasing the supply of fuel.
verb (used without object), gunned, gunning.
11.
to hunt with a gun.
12.
to shoot with a gun.
Verb phrases
13.
gun for,
  1. to seek with intent to harm or kill.
  2. to seek; try earnestly to obtain:
    He is gunning for a raise.
Idioms
14.
give the gun, Slang. to put into motion or speed up:
We gave the motor the gun and drove off.
15.
jump the gun, Slang.
  1. to begin a race before the starting signal.
  2. to begin prematurely; act too hastily.
16.
spike someone's guns, to frustrate or prevent someone from accomplishing a plan:
Our competitors planned a surprise reduction in their rates, but we discovered it and were able to spike their guns.
17.
stick to one's guns, to maintain one's position in the face of opposition; stand firm:
They stuck to their guns and refused to submit.
Also, stand by one's guns.
18.
under the gun, under pressure, as to meet a deadline or solve a problem:
We're all under the gun with these new sales quotas.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English gunne, gonne, apparently short for Anglo-Latin Gunilda, gonnyld, name for engine of war; compare Old Norse Gunna, short for Gunnhildr woman's name
Related forms
gunless, adjective

gun2

[guhn] /gʌn/
verb
1.
past participle of gin3 .

gun.

1.

gin2

[jin] /dʒɪn/
noun
2.
a trap or snare for game.
3.
any of various machines employing simple tackle or windlass mechanisms for hoisting.
4.
a stationary prime mover having a drive shaft rotated by horizontal beams pulled by horses walking in a circle.
verb (used with object), ginned, ginning.
5.
to clear (cotton) of seeds with a gin.
6.
to snare (game).
Origin
1150-1200; Middle English gyn, aphetic variant of Old French engin engine
Related forms
ginner, noun

gin3

[gin] /gɪn/
verb (used without object), verb (used with object), gan, gun, ginning. Archaic.
1.
to begin.
Origin
1150-1200; Middle English ginnen, Old English ginnan, aphetic variant of onginnan, beginnen to begin

gin4

[jin] /dʒɪn/
noun
1.
Also called gin rummy. a variety of rummy for two players, in which a player with 10 or fewer points in unmatched cards can end the game by laying down the hand.
2.
the winning of such a game by laying down a full set of matched cards, earning the winner a bonus of 20 or 25 points.
verb (used without object), ginned, ginning.
3.
to win a game in gin by laying down a hand in which all 10 cards are included in sets.
Origin
1955-60; perhaps special use of gin1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for gun
  • One man drove the horses, while another, or a team of two, operated the gun.
  • Some armies now have a muzzle velocity measuring radar permanently fitted to every gun.
British Dictionary definitions for gun

gun

/ɡʌn/
noun
1.
  1. a weapon with a metallic tube or barrel from which a missile is discharged, usually by force of an explosion. It may be portable or mounted. In a military context the term applies specifically to a flat-trajectory artillery piece
  2. (as modifier): a gun barrel
2.
the firing of a gun as a salute or signal, as in military ceremonial
3.
a member of or a place in a shooting party or syndicate
4.
any device used to project something under pressure: a grease gun, a spray gun
5.
(US, slang) an armed criminal; gunman
6.
(Austral & NZ, slang)
  1. an expert
  2. (as modifier): a gun shearer, a gun batsman
7.
(slang) go great guns, to act or function with great speed, intensity, etc
8.
jump the gun, beat the gun
  1. (of a runner, etc) to set off before the starting signal is given
  2. (informal) to act prematurely
9.
spike someone's guns, See spike1 (sense 15)
10.
(informal) stick to one's guns, to maintain one's opinions or intentions in spite of opposition
verb guns, gunning, gunned
11.
when tr, often foll by down. to shoot (someone) with a gun
12.
(transitive) to press hard on the accelerator of (an engine): to gun the engine of a car
13.
(intransitive) to hunt with a gun
See also gun for
Word Origin
C14: probably from a female pet name shortened from the Scandinavian name Gunnhildr (from Old Norse gunnr war + hildr war)

gin1

/dʒɪn/
noun
1.
an alcoholic drink obtained by distillation and rectification of the grain of malted barley, rye, or maize, flavoured with juniper berries
2.
any of various grain spirits flavoured with other fruit or aromatic essences: sloe gin
3.
an alcoholic drink made from any rectified spirit
Word Origin
C18: shortened from Dutch genever juniper, via Old French from Latin jūniperusjuniper

gin2

/dʒɪn/
noun
1.
a primitive engine in which a vertical shaft is turned by horses driving a horizontal beam or yoke in a circle
2.
Also called cotton gin. a machine of this type used for separating seeds from raw cotton
3.
a trap for catching small mammals, consisting of a noose of thin strong wire
4.
a hand-operated hoist that consists of a drum winder turned by a crank
verb (transitive) gins, ginning, ginned
5.
to free (cotton) of seeds with a gin
6.
to trap or snare (game) with a gin
Derived Forms
ginner, noun
Word Origin
C13 gyn, shortened from engine

gin3

/ɡɪn/
verb gins, ginning, gan, gun
1.
an archaic word for begin

gin4

/ɡɪn/
conjunction
1.
(Scot) if
Word Origin
perhaps related to gif, an earlier form of if

gin5

/dʒɪn/
noun
1.
(Austral, offensive, slang) an Aboriginal woman
Word Origin
C19: from a native Australian language
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gun
n.

mid-14c., gunne "an engine of war that throws rocks, arrows or other missiles," probably a shortening of woman's name Gunilda, found in Middle English gonnilde "cannon" and in an Anglo-Latin reference to a specific gun from a 1330 munitions inventory of Windsor Castle ("...una magna balista de cornu quae Domina Gunilda ..."), from Old Norse Gunnhildr, woman's name, from gunnr + hildr, both meaning "war, battle." First element from PIE *gwhen- "to strike, kill" (see bane); for second, cf. Hilda.

The identification of women with powerful weapons is common historically (cf. Big Bertha, Brown Bess, Mons Meg, etc.); meaning shifted with technology, from cannons to firearms as they developed 15c. Great guns (cannon, etc.) distinguished from small guns (such as muskets) from c.1400. Applied to pistols and revolvers after 1744. Meaning "thief, rascal" is from 1858. Son of a gun is originally nautical. To jump the gun (1912, American English) is from track and field. Guns "a woman's breasts" (especially if prominent) attested by 2006.

v.

"to shoot with a gun," 1620s, from gun (n.); the sense of "to accelerate an engine" is from 1930, from earlier phrase to give (something) the gun. Related: Gunned; gunning.

gin

n.

"type of distilled drinking alcohol," 1714, shortening of geneva, altered (by influence of the similarity of the name of the Swiss city, with which it has no other connection) from Dutch genever "juniper" (because the alcohol was flavored with its berries), from Old French genevre, from Vulgar Latin *jeniperus, from Latin juniperus "juniper" (see juniper). Gin and tonic attested by 1873; gin-sling by 1790. Card game gin rummy first attested 1941 (described in "Life" that year as the latest Hollywood fad).

"machine for separating cotton from seeds," 1796, American English, used earlier of various other machineries, from Middle English gin "ingenious device, contrivance" (c.1200), from Old French gin "machine, device, scheme," shortened form of engin, from Latin ingenium (see engine). The verb in this sense is recorded from 1789.

v.

in slang phrase gin up "enliven, make more exciting," 1887, probably from earlier ginger up in same sense (1849), from ginger in sense of "spice, pizzazz;" specifically in reference to the treatment described in the 1811 slang dictionary under the entry for feague:

... to put ginger up a horse's fundament, and formerly, as it is said, a live eel, to make him lively and carry his tail well; it is said, a forfeit is incurred by any horse-dealer's servant, who shall shew a horse without first feaguing him. Feague is used, figuratively, for encouraging or spiriting one up.

"to begin," c.1200, ginnen, shortened form of beginnen (see begin).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for gun

gun 1

noun
  1. An armed criminal: They hired a gun to blast the competition (1859+)
  2. An important person; big gun: He's quite a gun around there now (1830+)
  3. The throttle of a car, airplane, etc: Get your stupid foot off the gun (1900s+)
  4. A hypodermic needle (1930s+ Narcotics)
  5. long, heavy surfboard (1960s+ Surfers)
  6. Throwing arm, esp a strong and accurate one (1929+ Baseball)
verb
  1. To shoot someone: Canales had no motive to gun Lou (1898+)
  2. To speed up an engine or vehicle, esp abruptly; goose: He gunned the Rolls into the parking spot (1940s+)
Related Terms

big gun, burp gun, give it the gun, jump the gun, scattergun, six-shooter, smoking gun, son of a bitch, tommy gun, zip gun


gun 2

noun

(also gon) A professional thief, esp a pickpocket

[1858+; fr Yiddish gonif]


gin

noun

A street fight; rumble

verb

To fight; scuffle

Related Terms

bathtub gin

[1950s+ Black & street gang; origin unknown]


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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gun in Technology

jargon
(ITS, from the ":GUN" command) To forcibly terminate a program or job (computer, not career). "Some idiot left a background process running soaking up half the cycles, so I gunned it."
Compare can.
(1995-02-27)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Related Abbreviations for gun

GIN

Greenland-Iceland-Norway
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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gun in the Bible

a trap. (1.) Ps. 140:5, 141:9, Amos 3:5, the Hebrew word used, _mokesh_, means a noose or "snare," as it is elsewhere rendered (Ps. 18:5; Prov. 13:14, etc.). (2.) Job 18:9, Isa. 8:14, Heb. pah, a plate or thin layer; and hence a net, a snare, trap, especially of a fowler (Ps. 69: 22, "Let their table before them become a net;" Amos 3:5, "Doth a bird fall into a net [pah] upon the ground where there is no trap-stick [mokesh] for her? doth the net [pah] spring up from the ground and take nothing at all?", Gesenius.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with gun
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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