gymel

gymel

[jim-uhl]
noun Music.
the technique, found in some medieval English music, of singing voice parts in parallel thirds.
Also, gimel.


Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English gimeles, gemeles twins < Middle French gemel, gimel twin; see gimmal, geminate

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gymel

(from Latin cantus gemellus, "twin song"), medieval musical style of two-part polyphonic composition, possibly of popular origin, in which the voices move mainly in consecutive intervals of a third or a sixth. Crossing of parts is a common characteristic. Although gymel compositions have been preserved in manuscripts dating from the beginning of the 13th century, the name itself is first found in a detailed description of the style by the 15th-century theoretician Guilielmus Monachus.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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