1 [jim-ney-zee-uhm]
noun, plural gymnasiums, gymnasia [jim-ney-zee-uh, -zhuh] .
a building or room designed and equipped for indoor sports, exercise, or physical education.
a place where Greek youths met for exercise and discussion.

1590–1600; < Latin: a public school for gymnastics < Greek gymnásion gymnastic school (derivative of gymnázein to train in the nude

gymnasial, adjective Unabridged


2 [gim-nah-zee-uhm] .
noun, plural gymnasiums, gymnasia [gim-nah-zee-uh] .
(often initial capital letter) (in continental Europe, especially Germany) a classical school preparatory to the universities.

1685–95; < German; special use of gymnasium1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
gymnasium (dʒɪmˈneɪzɪəm)
n , pl -siums, -sia
1.  a large room or hall equipped with bars, weights, ropes, etc, for games or physical training
2.  (in various European countries) a secondary school that prepares pupils for university
[C16: from Latin: school for gymnastics, from Greek gumnasion, from gumnazein to exercise naked, from gumnos naked]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1598, "place of exercise," from L. gymnasium "school for gymnastics," from Gk. gymnasion, from gymnazein "to exercise or train," lit. "to train naked," from gymnos "naked." Shortened form gym is attested from 1871. Introduced to Ger. 15c. as a name for "high school," in Eng. it has remained purely athletic.
Gymnast (1594) in the modern sense is a back-formation of gymnastic, (1574) from Gk. gynmastikos "pertaining to or skilled in bodily exercise."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
It is a typical containment for a large nuclear plant, big enough to enclose a
  high school gymnasium.
Public property might include library books or cafeteria trays, while the
  gymnasium and the playground are public spaces.
Usually the maps are set up in a gymnasium or media center.
Oversees the use of the gymnasium facilities during student participation in
  extracurricular activities.
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