[hah-see-en-duh; Spanish ah-syen-dah]
noun, plural haciendas [hah-see-en-duhz; Spanish ah-syen-dahs] (in Spanish America)
a large landed estate, especially one used for farming or ranching.
the main house on such an estate.
a stock raising, mining, or manufacturing establishment in the country.

1710–20; < Spanish < Latin facienda things to be done or made, neuter plural of faciendus, gerund of facere to do1, make

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World English Dictionary
hacienda (ˌhæsɪˈɛndə)
1.  a.  a ranch or large estate
 b.  any substantial stock-raising, mining, or manufacturing establishment in the country
2.  the main house on such a ranch or plantation
[C18: from Spanish, from Latin facienda things to be done, from facere to do]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1760, from Sp., "estate, plantation," from L. facienda "things to be done," from facere "to do" (see factitious).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Stop for a snack at a dairy hacienda with cows, horses and llamas.
The on-premises greenhouse grows organic vegetables for the hacienda.
It features tropical landscaped grounds, giving it the traditional tropical hacienda style.
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