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7 Essential Words of Fall

hacker

[hak-er] /ˈhæk ər/
noun
1.
a person or thing that hacks.
2.
Slang. a person who engages in an activity without talent or skill:
weekend hackers on the golf course.
3.
Computer Slang.
  1. a person who has a high level of skill in computer technology or programming; a computer expert or enthusiast:
    My brother is a real hacker—he fixed my laptop in no time.
  2. a computer user who attempts to gain unauthorized access to proprietary computer systems:
    A hacker got into my computer remotely and wiped my hard drive!
Origin
1200-1250
1200-50; Middle English (as surname); see hack1, -er1

hack2

[hak] /hæk/
noun
1.
a person, as an artist or writer, who exploits, for money, his or her creative ability or training in the production of dull, unimaginative, and trite work; one who produces banal and mediocre work in the hope of gaining commercial success in the arts:
As a painter, he was little more than a hack.
2.
a professional who renounces or surrenders individual independence, integrity, belief, etc., in return for money or other reward in the performance of a task normally thought of as involving a strong personal commitment:
a political hack.
3.
a writer who works on the staff of a publisher at a dull or routine task; someone who works as a literary drudge:
He was one among the many hacks on Grub Street.
Synonyms: scribbler.
4.
British.
  1. a horse kept for common hire or adapted for general work, especially ordinary riding.
  2. a saddle horse used for transportation, rather than for show, hunting, or the like.
5.
an old or worn-out horse; jade.
6.
a coach or carriage kept for hire; hackney.
7.
Informal.
  1. a taxi.
  2. Also, hackie. a cabdriver.
8.
Slang. a prison guard.
verb (used with object)
9.
to make a hack of; let out for hire.
Synonyms: lease, rent.
10.
to make trite or stale by frequent use; hackney.
verb (used without object)
11.
Informal. to drive a taxi.
12.
to ride or drive on the road at an ordinary pace, as distinguished from cross-country riding or racing.
13.
British. to rent a horse, especially by the hour.
adjective
14.
hired as a hack; of a hired sort:
a hack writer; hack work.
15.
hackneyed; trite; banal:
hack writing.
Origin
1680-90; short for hackney
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for hacker
  • hacker someone who breaks into computers to read private e-mails and other files.
  • They haven't had any hacker break-ins-of course, they had never had any before, either.
  • hacker have collaborated once again to share what has helped us work through and enjoy the time in between traditional semesters.
  • Yes a hacker cannot directly tamper the electrical feed going into your house.
  • One is security: such systems will be vulnerable to all sorts of hacker attacks.
  • If broken into, there is no limit to the damage a hacker can do to a computer running in administrator mode.
  • Its advocates, notably the hacker community, see this as a major benefit.
  • He often maintains a hacker's schedule, working late into the night.
  • In the hacker scene, in particular, there are quite a few extreme characters.
  • Good or bad, they've all but disappeared, and the alleged hacker was arrested in fairly short order.
British Dictionary definitions for hacker

hacker

/ˈhækə/
noun
1.
a person that hacks
2.
(slang) a computer fanatic, esp one who through a personal computer breaks into the computer system of a company, government, etc

hack1

/hæk/
verb
1.
when intr, usually foll by at or away. to cut or chop (at) irregularly, roughly, or violently
2.
to cut and clear (a way, path, etc), as through undergrowth
3.
(in sport, esp rugby) to foul (an opposing player) by kicking or striking his shins
4.
(basketball) to commit the foul of striking (an opposing player) on the arm
5.
(intransitive) to cough in short dry spasmodic bursts
6.
(transitive) to reduce or cut (a story, article, etc) in a damaging way
7.
to manipulate a computer program skilfully, esp, to gain unauthorized access to another computer system
8.
(transitive) (slang) to tolerate; cope with: I joined the army but I couldn't hack it
9.
hack to bits, to damage severely: his reputation was hacked to bits
noun
10.
a cut, chop, notch, or gash, esp as made by a knife or axe
11.
any tool used for shallow digging, such as a mattock or pick
12.
a chopping blow
13.
a dry spasmodic cough
14.
a kick on the shins, as in rugby
15.
a wound from a sharp kick
See also hack off
Word Origin
Old English haccian; related to Old Frisian hackia, Middle High German hacken

hack2

/hæk/
noun
1.
a horse kept for riding or (more rarely) for driving
2.
an old, ill-bred, or overworked horse
3.
a horse kept for hire
4.
(Brit) a country ride on horseback
5.
a drudge
6.
a person who produces mediocre literary or journalistic work
7.
(US) Also called hackney. a coach or carriage that is for hire
8.
(US, informal) Also called hackie
  1. a cab driver
  2. a taxi
verb
9.
(Brit) to ride (a horse) cross-country for pleasure
10.
(transitive) to let (a horse) out for hire
11.
(transitive) (informal) to write (an article) as or in the manner of a hack
12.
(intransitive) (US, informal) to drive a taxi
adjective
13.
(prenominal) banal, mediocre, or unoriginal: hack writing
Word Origin
C17: short for hackney

hack3

/hæk/
noun
1.
a rack used for fodder for livestock
2.
a board on which meat is placed for a hawk
3.
a pile or row of unfired bricks stacked to dry
verb (transitive)
4.
to place (fodder) in a hack
5.
to place (bricks) in a hack
Word Origin
C16: variant of hatch²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hacker
n.

"a chopper, cutter," perhaps also "one who makes hacking tools," early 13c. (as a surname), agent noun from hack (v.1). Meaning "one who gains unauthorized access to computer records" is attested by 1983, agent noun from hack (v.2). Said to be from slightly earlier tech slang sense of "one who works like a hack at writing and experimenting with software, one who enjoys computer programming for its own sake," 1976, reputedly a usage that evolved at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (however an MIT student from the late 1960s recalls hack (n.) being used then and there in the general sense of "creative prank," which clouds its sense connection with the "writing for hire" word, and there may be a source or an influence here in hack (v.1)).

hack

v.

"to cut roughly, cut with chopping blows," c.1200, from verb found in stem of Old English tohaccian "hack to pieces," from West Germanic *hakkon (cf. Old Frisian hackia "to chop or hack," Dutch hakken, Old High German hacchon, German hacken), from PIE *keg- "hook, tooth." Perhaps influenced by Old Norse höggva "to hack, hew" (cf. hacksaw). Slang sense of "cope with" (such as in can't hack it) is first recorded in American English 1955, with a sense of "get through by some effort," as a jungle (cf. phrase hack after "keep working away at" attested from late 14c.). Related: Hacked; hacking.

"illegally enter a computer system," by 1984; apparently a back-formation from hacker. Related: Hacked; hacking. Earlier verb senses were "to make commonplace" (1745), "make common by everyday use" (1590s), "use (a horse) for ordinary riding" (1560s), all from hack (n.2).

"to cough with a short, dry cough," 1802, perhaps from hack (v.1) on the notion of being done with difficulty, or else imitative.

n.

"tool for chopping," early 14c., from hack (v.1); cf. Danish hakke "mattock," German Hacke "pickax, hatchet, hoe." Meaning "an act of cutting" is from 1836; figurative sense of "a try, an attempt" is first attested 1898.

"person hired to do routine work," c.1700, ultimately short for hackney "an ordinary horse" (c.1300), probably from place name Hackney, Middlesex (q.v.). Apparently nags were raised on the pastureland there in early medieval times. Extended sense of "horse for hire" (late 14c.) led naturally to "broken-down nag," and also "prostitute" (1570s) and "drudge" (1540s). Sense of "carriage for hire" (1704) led to modern slang for "taxicab." As an adjective, 1734, from the noun. Hack writer is first recorded 1826, though hackney writer is at least 50 years earlier. Hack-work is recorded from 1851.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for hacker

hacker 1

noun

A persistent but generally unskillful performer or athlete; duffer (1950s+)


hacker 2

noun
  1. A skillful but not necessarily elegant computer programmer •This term has many senses in computer slang; the core notion is simply ''someone who enjoys messing with computers, cleverly or not'': When a hacker programs, he creates worlds/ As a hacker, McLachlan is a member of an intense, reclusive subculture of the computer age (1976+ Computer)
  2. A person who with evil, inquisitive, or self-aggrandizing intent intrudes into computer networks and files: He said computer intruders, commonly referred to as hackers, who take over a router can do whatever they want (1980+ Computer)

[said to be fr hack2, computer jargon for a clever and subtle correction of a flow in a computer program]


hack 1

noun
  1. A taxicab (1704+)
  2. A bus (1950s+ Bus drivers)
verb

To drive a taxi or bus: I worked in an office for years. Then I took to ''hacking'' (1931+)

[ultimately fr hackney, ''horse,'' fr Hackney, a village incorporated into London, fr Old English ''Haca's island'' or ''hook island''; presumably the horses were associated with the place]


hack 2

noun
  1. A persistent, often nervous, cough: oughta see someone about that hack (1885+)
  2. A try; attempt; whack: Let George take a hack at it (1836+)
  3. A mediocre performer or worker; tiresome drudge: They are not the hacks that Eric's scholarship would make them (1700+)
  4. (also hack writer) A professional, usually freelance, writer who works to order •This sense belongs to hack reflecting the notion that such a writer was for hire like a horse, but its own derivatives blend with those of the meaning ''try, stroke, etc'' (1810+)
  5. A computer program, esp a good one: A well-crafted program, a good hack, is elegant (1980s+ Computer)
  6. A guard: The guards, the hacks, as they called them/ The hacks didn't worry about the old convicts too much (1940s+ Prison)
  7. A white person; honky, ofay (1940s+ Black & prison)
verb
  1. : If you quit smoking maybe you won't hack like that
  2. To cope with, esp successfully; manage; handle •Most often in the negative: ''I can't hack this,'' Sandy remarked/ I couldn't hack the lines, so I used Mother Nature's privy (1940s+)
  3. (also hack at) To attempt; do persistently but mediocrely: Do I play tennis? Well, I hack at it (1940s+)
  4. : They hacked for some of our most respected leaders (1813+)
  5. To work with a computer or computer program, esp to do so cleverly, persistently, and enthusiastically •This term has many specialized senses in computer slang (1980s+)
  6. To annoy; anger; burn: That attitude really hacks me (1892+)

[nearly all senses ultimately fr hack, ''cut, chop''; black and prison senses fr identification of prison guards with white persons in the pattern identical with that of the man; prison guards perhaps so called because they sometimes beat prisoners]


hack

verb

To gain unauthorized access to a computer system: hack into my site (1985+)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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hacker in Technology

person, jargon
(Originally, someone who makes furniture with an axe) 1. A person who enjoys exploring the details of programmable systems and how to stretch their capabilities, as opposed to most users, who prefer to learn only the minimum necessary.
2. One who programs enthusiastically (even obsessively) or who enjoys programming rather than just theorizing about programming.
3. A person capable of appreciating hack value.
4. A person who is good at programming quickly.
5. An expert at a particular program, or one who frequently does work using it or on it; as in "a Unix hacker". (Definitions 1 through 5 are correlated, and people who fit them congregate.)
6. An expert or enthusiast of any kind. One might be an astronomy hacker, for example.
7. One who enjoys the intellectual challenge of creatively overcoming or circumventing limitations.
8. (Deprecated) A malicious meddler who tries to discover sensitive information by poking around. Hence "password hacker", "network hacker". The correct term is cracker.
The term "hacker" also tends to connote membership in the global community defined by the net (see The Network and Internet address). It also implies that the person described is seen to subscribe to some version of the hacker ethic.
It is better to be described as a hacker by others than to describe oneself that way. Hackers consider themselves something of an elite (a meritocracy based on ability), though one to which new members are gladly welcome. Thus while it is gratifying to be called a hacker, false claimants to the title are quickly labelled as "bogus" or a "wannabee".
9. (University of Maryland, rare) A programmer who does not understand proper programming techniques and principles and doesn't have a Computer Science degree. Someone who just bangs on the keyboard until something happens. For example, "This program is nothing but spaghetti code. It must have been written by a hacker".
[Jargon File]
(1996-08-26)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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