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halberd

[hal-berd, hawl-, hol-; formerly haw-berd] /ˈhæl bərd, ˈhɔl-, ˈhɒl-; formerly ˈhɔ bərd/
noun
1.
a shafted weapon with an axlike cutting blade, beak, and apical spike, used especially in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Also, halbert
[hal-bert, hawl-, hol-; formerly haw-bert] /ˈhæl bərt, ˈhɔl-, ˈhɒl-; formerly ˈhɔ bərt/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
1485-1495
1485-95; earlier haubert < Middle French hallebarde < Middle Low German helmbarde, equivalent to helm handle (cognate with helm1) + barde broadax (cognate with Middle High German barte)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for halberd
  • Although the halberd was used for ceremony, it was an imposing weapon with a tip that combined a spear point and an ax.
British Dictionary definitions for halberd

halberd

/ˈhælbəd/
noun
1.
a weapon consisting of a long shaft with an axe blade and a pick, topped by a spearhead: used in 15th- and 16th-century warfare
Derived Forms
halberdier, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Old French hallebarde, from Middle High German helm handle, helm1 + barde axe, from Old High German bartbeard
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for halberd
n.

late 15c., from Middle French hallebarde (earlier alabarde, 15c.), from Middle High German halmbarte "broad-axe with handle," from halm "handle" (see helm) + barte "hatchet," possibly from Proto-Germanic *bardoz "beard," also "hatchet, broadax." Alternative etymology [Kluge, Darmesteter] traces first element to helm "helmet," making the weapon an axe for smashing helmets.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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13
14
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