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closed

[klohzd] /kloʊzd/
adjective
1.
having or forming a boundary or barrier:
He was blocked by a closed door. The house had a closed porch.
2.
brought to a close; concluded:
It was a closed incident with no repercussions.
3.
not public; restricted; exclusive:
a closed meeting; a closed bid at a private auction.
4.
not open to new ideas or arguments.
5.
self-contained; independent or self-sufficient:
a closed, symbiotic relationship.
6.
Phonetics. (of a syllable) ending with a consonant or a consonant cluster, as has, hasp.
Compare open (def 35b).
7.
Linguistics. (of a class of items) limited in membership and not readily expanded to include new items, as the class of inflectional affixes, articles, pronouns, or auxiliaries (opposed to open).
8.
Hunting, Angling. restricted as to the kind of game that may be legally taken and as to where or when it may be taken:
woods closed to deer hunters.
9.
Mathematics.
  1. (of a set in which a combining operation between members of the set is defined) such that performing the operation between members of the set produces a member of the set, as multiplication in the set of integers.
  2. (of an interval) containing both of its endpoints.
  3. (of a map from one topological space to another) having the property that the image of a closed set is a closed set.
  4. (of a curve) not having endpoints; enclosing an area.
  5. (of a surface) enclosing a volume.
  6. (of a function or operator) having as its graph a closed set.
Origin of closed
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English; see close, -ed2
Related forms
half-closed, adjective
semiclosed, adjective
well-closed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for half-closed
Historical Examples
  • With half-closed eyes, Dick continued as if the other man had never left him.

    Ambrotox and Limping Dick Oliver Fleming
  • He arose and watched them through the half-closed jalousies.

    Tony Butler Charles James Lever
  • "Have I not said it," replied the woman, regarding him stealthily from under her half-closed lashes.

    Mabel's Mistake Ann S. Stephens
  • "True, ever true," muttered the youth, with half-closed lids.

    The Daltons, Volume II (of II) Charles James Lever
  • Mother Goodhugh had not moved, but lay in a kind of stupor with half-closed eyes, Gil sitting near and dreaming over the past.

    Sweet Mace George Manville Fenn
  • Her wildly roaming eyes were caught by the half-closed window.

    Victory Joseph Conrad
  • Then gaze at the fingers through narrowed eyelids, and half-closed eyes.

  • She felt that he was watching her through his half-closed eyes.

    All Roads Lead to Calvary Jerome K. Jerome
  • Then she turned and with head thrown back, with silent, trembling lips and half-closed eyes she walked slowly out of the room.

    Petticoat Rule Emmuska Orczy, Baroness Orczy
  • She laughed at him, leaning back in her chair with half-closed eyes.

    Mr. Grex of Monte Carlo E. Phillips Oppenheim
British Dictionary definitions for half-closed

half-closed

adjective
1.
partially closed: with half-closed eyes

closed

/kləʊzd/
adjective
1.
blocked against entry; shut
2.
restricted; exclusive
3.
not open to question or debate
4.
(of a hunting season, etc) close
5.
(maths)
  1. (of a curve or surface) completely enclosing an area or volume
  2. (of a set) having members that can be produced by a specific operation on other members of the same set: the integers are a closed set under multiplication
6.
(phonetics) Also checked
  1. denoting a syllable that ends in a consonant
  2. another word for close1 (sense 21)
7.
not open to public entry or membership: the closed society of publishing
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for half-closed

closed

adj.

c.1200, past participle adjective from close (v.). Closed circuit is attested from 1827; closed shop in union sense from 1904; closed system first recorded 1896 in William James.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Word Value for half

10
10
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