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hamstring

[ham-string] /ˈhæmˌstrɪŋ/
noun
1.
(in humans and other primates) any of the tendons that bound the ham of the knee.
2.
(in quadrupeds) the great tendon at the back of the hock.
verb (used with object), hamstrung, hamstringing.
3.
to disable by cutting the hamstring or hamstrings; cripple.
4.
to render powerless or useless; thwart:
Their efforts were hamstrung by stubborn pride.
Origin
1555-1565
1555-65; ham1 + string
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for hamstrung
  • It is often hamstrung by diplomacy and domestic public opinion.
  • But the public university is hamstrung if state government and its citizens won't support it.
  • In their defense, trustees have long said that they are hamstrung.
  • However, previous efforts to make spider silk using bacteria have been hamstrung for several reasons.
  • But the campaign has been hamstrung by scaremongering zealots.
  • But the bank is hamstrung by a dual-currency system in which the kyat's official exchange rate is fixed at six to the dollar.
  • But the authorities were clearly hamstrung by the political risks involved.
  • Despite its stated goal of subverting hierarchy, the group's efforts will be hamstrung by infighting and power struggles.
  • The third leg of the stool--business--remains hamstrung by weak revenues and profits.
  • The evolutionists, hamstrung by gradualism, will never explain the origin of consciousness or of language.
British Dictionary definitions for hamstrung

hamstring

/ˈhæmˌstrɪŋ/
noun
1.
(anatomy) any of the tendons at the back of the knee related adjective popliteal
2.
the large tendon at the back of the hock in the hind leg of a horse, etc
verb (transitive) -strings, -stringing, -strung
3.
to cripple by cutting the hamstring of
4.
to ruin or thwart
Word Origin
C16: ham1 + string
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hamstrung

hamstring

v.

1640s, "to disable, render useless," a figurative verbal extension from the noun hamstring "tendon at the back of the knee" (1560s), from ham "bend of the knee" (see ham (n.1)) + string. Cutting this would render a person or animal lame. Related: Hamstrung.

[I]n hamstring, -string is not the verb string; we do not string the ham, but do something to the tendon called the hamstring; the verb, that is, is made not from the two words ham & string, but from the noun hamstring. It must therefore make hamstringed. [Fowler]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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hamstrung in Medicine

hamstring ham·string (hām'strĭng')
n.

  1. Any of the tendons at the rear hollow of the human knee.

  2. hamstrings The hamstring muscle.

  3. The large tendon in the back of the hind tarsal joint of the quadruped.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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hamstrung in Science
hamstring
  (hām'strĭng')   
A powerful group of muscles at the back of the thigh that arise in the hip and pelvis and insert as strong tendons behind the knee. The hamstring bends the knee and helps to straighten the hip.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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