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hara-kiri

[hahr-uh-keer-ee, har-uh-, har-ee-] /ˈhɑr əˈkɪər i, ˈhær ə-, ˈhær i-/
noun
1.
Also called seppuku. ceremonial suicide by ripping open the abdomen with a dagger or knife: formerly practiced in Japan by members of the warrior class when disgraced or sentenced to death.
2.
suicide or any suicidal action; a self-destructive act:
political hara-kiri.
Also, hari-kari.
Origin
1855-1860
1855-60; < Japanese, equivalent to hara belly (earlier fara < *para) + kiri cut
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for hara-kiri

hara-kiri

/ˌhærəˈkɪrɪ/
noun
1.
(formerly, in Japan) ritual suicide by disembowelment with a sword when disgraced or under sentence of death Also called seppuku
Word Origin
C19: from Japanese taboo slang, from hara belly + kiri cutting
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hara-kiri
n.

"suicide by disembowelment," 1856, from Japanese, literally "belly-cutting," the colloquial word for what is formally called seppuku "cut open the stomach;" from hara "belly" + kiri "to cut."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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hara-kiri in Culture
hara-kiri [(har-i-keer-ee, hahr-uh-keer-ee)]

A ritual of suicide, associated with warriors in traditional Japanese society.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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