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hard cider

See under cider.
Origin of hard cider
1780-90, Americanism


or (British) cyder

[sahy-der] /ˈsaɪ dər/
the juice pressed from apples (or formerly from some other fruit) used for drinking, either before fermentation (sweet cider) or after fermentation (hard cider) or for making applejack, vinegar, etc.
1250-1300; Middle English sidre < Middle French < Old French si(s)dre < Late Latin sīcera strong drink < Septuagint Greek sī́kera < Hebrew shēkhār (Levit. 10:9); replacing Middle English sithere < Old French sidre
Related forms
ciderish, ciderlike, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for hard-cider
Historical Examples
  • Another proof of the fact was the barrel of hard-cider which lay under the cabin window.

    A Boy's Town W. D. Howells
  • I wish you'd been here in the hard-cider and log-cabin times, and you'd a seen reason and philosophy, as you call it!

    The Chainbearer J. Fenimore Cooper
  • "I saw old Ike Bradley go past here with a hard-cider jag that looped over till its aidges dragged on the ground," he explained.

  • The log-cabin and hard-cider watchwords were born of a taunt, like the "Gueux" of the Netherlands.

British Dictionary definitions for hard-cider


Also called (US) hard cider. an alcoholic drink made from the fermented juice of apples
(US & Canadian) Also called sweet cider. an unfermented drink made from apple juice
Word Origin
C14: from Old French cisdre, via Medieval Latin, from Late Greek sikera strong drink, from Hebrew shēkhār

hard cider

(US & Canadian) fermented apple juice Compare sweet cider
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hard-cider



late 13c., from Old French cidre, cire "pear or apple cider" (12c., Modern French cidre), variant of cisdre, from Late Latin sicera, Vulgate rendition of Hebrew shekhar, a word used for any strong drink (translated in Old English as beor, taken untranslated in Septuagint Greek as sikera), related to Arabic sakar "strong drink," sakira "was drunk." Meaning gradually narrowed in English to mean exclusively "fermented drink made from apples," though this sense also was in Old French.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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