9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[hahrd-woo d] /ˈhɑrdˌwʊd/
the hard, compact wood or timber of various trees, as the oak, cherry, maple, or mahogany.
a tree yielding such wood.
made or constructed of hardwood:
a hardwood floor.
Origin of hardwood
1560-70; hard + wood1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for hardwood
  • The forest surrounding the house is a tropical hardwood hammock-the last of its kind in the area.
  • Tropical hardwood forests host rare and endangered birds and butterflies.
  • We put hardwood floors in the upstairs of our house.
  • As an attractive and sturdy alternative to hardwood flooring, bamboo is tough to beat.
  • Furnished in antiques and chintz, the cottages have hardwood floors and face the ocean.
  • The restaurant decor presents dark woodwork and hardwood floors, small tables with all the correct silverware and large windows.
  • The elegant public spaces feature warm colors and hardwood floors.
  • The forest thickened with the crazy chaos of dark hardwood foliage.
  • The floors are original hardwood, some windows have original shutters.
  • Granite kitchen counters, hardwood cabinets, stainless appliances.
British Dictionary definitions for hardwood


the wood of any of numerous broad-leaved dicotyledonous trees, such as oak, beech, ash, etc, as distinguished from the wood of a conifer
any tree from which this wood is obtained
Compare softwood
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hardwood

1560s, from hard + wood. From deciduous trees, distinguished from that of pines and firs.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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hardwood in Science
  1. An angiosperm tree, especially as distinguished from a coniferous, or softwood, tree.

  2. The wood of an angiosperm tree. Hardwoods are in general harder than softwood. However, some hardwoods, such as basswood, are comparatively soft, while some softwoods, such as yew, are comparatively hard.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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