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harquebus

[hahr-kwuh-buh s] /ˈhɑr kwə bəs/
noun, plural harquebuses.
1.
any of several small-caliber long guns operated by a matchlock or wheel-lock mechanism, dating from about 1400.
Also, harquebuse, harquebuss, arquebus.
Also called hackbut, hagbut.
Origin
1525-1535
1525-35; < Middle French harquebusche (with intrusive -r-) < Middle Dutch hākebusse, equivalent to hāke hook + busse gun (literally, box) < Late Latin buxis for Latin buxus box1
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for harquebus

arquebus

/ˈɑːkwɪbəs/
noun
1.
a portable long-barrelled gun dating from the 15th century: fired by a wheel-lock or matchlock Also called hackbut, hagbut
Word Origin
C16: via Old French harquebuse from Middle Dutch hakebusse, literally: hook gun, from the shape of the butt, from hake hook + busse box, gun, from Late Latin busis box

harquebus

/ˈhɑːkwɪbəs/
noun (pl) -buses
1.
a variant of arquebus
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for harquebus

arquebus

first gun fired from the shoulder, a smoothbore matchlock with a stock resembling that of a rifle. The harquebus was invented in Spain in the mid-15th century. It was often fired from a support, against which the recoil was transferred from a hook on the gun. Its name seems to derive from German words meaning "hooked gun." The bore varied, and its effective range was less than 650 feet (200 m). The harquebus was superseded by the larger musket (q.v.) in the mid-16th century.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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