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8 Wintry Words to Defrost Your Vocabulary

Hasid

[hah-sid; Ashkenazic Hebrew khaw-sid; Sephardic Hebrew khah-seed] /ˈhɑ sɪd; Ashkenazic Hebrew ˈxɔ sɪd; Sephardic Hebrew xɑˈsid/
noun, plural Hasidim
[hah-sid-im, huh-; Ashkenazic Hebrew khaw-see-dim; Sephardic Hebrew khah-see-deem] /hɑˈsɪd ɪm, hə-; Ashkenazic Hebrew xɔˈsi dɪm; Sephardic Hebrew xɑ siˈdim/ (Show IPA).
Judaism.
1.
a member of a sect founded in Poland in the 18th century by Baal Shem-Tov and characterized by its emphasis on mysticism, prayer, ritual strictness, religious zeal, and joy.
Compare Mitnagged.
2.
an Assidean.
Also, Hassid, Chasid, Chassid.
Origin
< Hebrew ḥāsīd pious (person)
Related forms
Hasidic
[hah-sid-ik, huh-] /hɑˈsɪd ɪk, hə-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Word Origin and History for hasidim

Hasidim

also Chasidim, 1812, adherents of a conservative Jewish religious movement founded 1750 by Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer Baal Shem Tobh, from Hebrew hasidhim, literally "pious ones," plural of hasidh "kind, pious." Earlier used in Hebrew of adherents of an anti-Hellenistic faction during the time of the Maccabean Wars.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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hasidim in Culture
Hasidim [(khah-see-dim, hah-see-dim)]

Jews who observe a form of strict Orthodox Judaism. They generally wear severely plain black and white clothes, and the men, following the requirements of Mosaic law, leave parts of their hair and whiskers untrimmed.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for hasidim

Hasidim

member of a pre-Christian Jewish sect of uncertain origin, noted for uncompromising observance of Judaic Law. The Hasideans joined the Maccabean revolt against the Hellenistic Seleucids (2nd century BC) to fight for religious freedom and stem the tide of paganism. They had no interest in politics as such, and they later withdrew from the Maccabean cause as soon as they had regained their religious freedom. Indeed, they fell into disfavour with the Hasmonean rulers.

Learn more about Hasidim with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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