1 [hawk]
any of numerous birds of prey of the family Accipitridae, having a short, hooked beak, broad wings, and curved talons, often seen circling or swooping at low altitudes.
any of several similar, unrelated birds, as the nighthawk.
Informal. a person who preys on others, as a sharper.
Also called war hawk. Informal. a person, especially one in public office, who advocates war or a belligerent national attitude. Compare dove ( def 5 ).
any person who pursues an aggressive policy in business, government, etc.: The corporation is now run by a bunch of young hawks.
verb (used without object)
to fly, or hunt on the wing, like a hawk.
to hunt with hawks.

before 900; Middle English hauk(e), Old English hafoc; cognate with Old Frisian havek, Old Saxon habuc Old High German habuh, Old Norse haukr hawk, perhaps Polish kobuz kind of falcon

hawklike, adjective
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World English Dictionary
hawk1 (hɔːk)
1.  any of various diurnal birds of prey of the family Accipitridae, such as the goshawk and Cooper's hawk, typically having short rounded wings and a long tailRelated: accipitrine
2.  (US), (Canadian) any of various other falconiform birds, including the falcons but not the eagles or vultures
3.  Compare dove a person who advocates or supports war or warlike policies
4.  a ruthless or rapacious person
5.  know a hawk from a handsaw to be able to judge things; be discerning
6.  (intr) to hunt with falcons, hawks, etc
7.  (intr) (of falcons or hawks) to fly in quest of prey
8.  to pursue or attack on the wing, as a hawk
Related: accipitrine
[Old English hafoc; related to Old Norse haukr, Old Frisian havek, Old High German habuh, Polish kobuz]

hawk2 (hɔːk)
vb (often foll by about)
1.  to offer (goods) for sale, as in the street
2.  to spread (news, gossip, etc)
[C16: back formation from hawker1]

hawk3 (hɔːk)
1.  (intr) to clear the throat noisily
2.  (tr) to force (phlegm) up from the throat
3.  (Brit) a slang word for spit
4.  a noisy clearing of the throat
[C16: of imitative origin; see haw²]

hawk4 (hɔːk)
Also called: mortar board a small square board with a handle underneath, used for carrying wet plaster or mortar
[of unknown origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

O.E. hafoc (W. Saxon), from P.Gmc. *khabukaz (cf. O.N. haukr, M.Du. havik, Ger. Habicht "hawk"), from a root meaning "to seize," fro PIE *gabh- (cf. Rus. kobec "a kind of falcon"). Hawkish "militaristic" first attested 1965; hawk in this sense is attested from 1962.

1542 (hawker is attested from 1510), from M.L.G. höken "to peddle, carry on the back, squat," from P.Gmc. *khuk-. Despite the etymological connection with stooping under a burden on one's back, a hawker is technically distinguished from a peddler by use of a horse and cart or a van.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Hawk definition

(Heb. netz, a word expressive of strong and rapid flight, and hence appropriate to the hawk). It is an unclean bird (Lev. 11:16; Deut. 14:15). It is common in Syria and surrounding countries. The Hebrew word includes various species of Falconidae, with special reference perhaps to the kestrel (Falco tinnunculus), the hobby (Hypotriorchis subbuteo), and the lesser kestrel (Tin, Cenchris). The kestrel remains all the year in Palestine, but some ten or twelve other species are all migrants from the south. Of those summer visitors to Palestine special mention may be made of the Falco sacer and the Falco lanarius. (See NIGHT-HAWK ØT0002729.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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