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Why is the ninth month called September?

hence

[hens] /hɛns/
adverb
1.
as an inference from this fact; for this reason; therefore:
The eggs were very fresh and hence satisfactory.
2.
from this time; from now:
They will leave a month hence.
3.
from this source or origin.
4.
Archaic.
  1. from this place; from here; away:
    The inn is but a quarter mile hence.
  2. from this world or from the living:
    After a long, hard life they were taken hence.
  3. henceforth; from this time on.
interjection
5.
Obsolete. depart (usually used imperatively).
Origin
1225-1275
1225-75; Middle English hens, hennes, equivalent to henne (Old English heonan) + -es -s1
Can be confused
hence, hither, thence, thither, whence, whither, yon (see usage note at whence)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for hence
  • They did not use their radios and hence were undetected.
  • Following the impact, both balls have velocity and hence momentum.
  • It has no internal grain boundaries, and hence it looks transparent.
  • They almost always have a faster f-stop and, hence, will do better in low light.
  • hence, it would behoove people to allow themselves to be entertained and not take the film too seriously.
  • hence the heavy traffic to the rest rooms at bars and parties.
  • hence the book's picaresque quality-it is a string of anecdotes-and also, at times, a certain patness in the comedy.
  • The drier the air the more the thermometer cools and hence, the lower the wet-bulb temperature.
  • hence, literary tourism, which is not a brand-new idea.
  • hence the air-transportation precedents should be emulated.
British Dictionary definitions for hence

hence

/hɛns/
sentence connector
1.
for this reason; following from this; therefore
adverb
2.
from this time a year hence
3.
(archaic)
  1. from here or from this world; away
  2. from this origin or source
interjection
4.
(archaic) begone! away!
Word Origin
Old English hionane; related to Old High German hinana away from here, Old Irish cen on this side
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hence
adv.

late 13c., hennes, from Old English heonan "away, hence," from West Germanic *hin- (cf. Old Saxon hinan, Old High German hinnan, German hinnen); related to Old English her "here" (see here). With adverbial genitive -s. The modern spelling (mid-15c.) is phonetic, to retain the breathy -s- (cf. twice, pence). Original sense is "away from here;" of time, from late 14c.; meaning "from this (fact or circumstance)" first recorded 1580s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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