henge

[henj]
noun Archaeology.
a Neolithic monument of the British Isles, consisting of a circular area enclosed by a bank and ditch and often containing additional features including one or more circles of upright stone or wood pillars: probably used for ritual purposes or for marking astronomical events, as solstices and equinoxes.

Origin:
1730–40; back formation from Stonehenge, Middle English Stanenges, Stanheng, equivalent to stan stone + -heng, probably orig. “something hanging”; cf. hinge

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World English Dictionary
henge (hɛndʒ)
 
n
a circular area, often containing a circle of stones or sometimes wooden posts, dating from the Neolithic and Bronze Ages
 
[back formation from Stonehenge]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
Main Entry:  henge
Part of Speech:  n
Definition:  a prehistoric circular area with standing stone or wooden pillars and often enclosed by a bank or ditch, possibly used for rituals; also called henge monument
Example:  Henge mainly pertains to a Neolithic monument of the British Isles.
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

henge
1740, noted as a Yorkshire word for structures such as Stonehenge.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Two more dwellings were uncovered away from the main settlement, to the western end of the henge.
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