World English Dictionary
Hercynian (hɜːˈsɪnɪən)
denoting a period of mountain building in Europe in the late Palaeozoic
[C16: from Latin Hercynia silva the Hercynian forest (i.e., the wooded mountains of central Germany, esp the Erzgebirge)]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1589, designating the forest-covered mountains of ancient Germany, from L. Hercynia (silva) "Hercynian (forest)," related to Gk. Orkynios drymos, probably from O.Celt. *Perkunya, from PIE *perq(o)- "oak, oak forest, wooded mountain" (see fir).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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